Sunday, April 28, in Spain started early parliamentary elections. The need was dictated by the crisis, when the government Cabinet headed by Pedro Sanchez could not get the Parliament approval of the draft budget for the year 2019.
The Spaniards returned to the polls for the third time in three and a half years. And this time, according to experts, the vote could be historic. Since 1982 and until recently in Spain almost perfectly acted two-party system: the left Spanish socialist workers party (PSOE) and the people’s right party (NP) have replaced each other, getting the absolute majority and forming the government.
Over the past five years in the crisis and corruption scandals the two-party system came to an end. The game has increasingly become a new party — lipopolysaccha “Podemos” (“We”), the far-right “VOX” (“Voice”), the liberal centre-right “Ciudadanos” (“Citizens”).
In addition, the current head of the government, the socialist Pedro Sanchez was elected to his post by voting on what do not forget to constantly remind his opponents. He took the post of Prime Minister after Parliament passed a vote of no confidence in the government of his predecessor, Mariano Rajoy (NP). In the present election, Sanchez needs to prove “its legitimacy” and the right to stand at the head of the country.
According to a survey published by El Pais, the socialist Pedro Sanchez at the head of the lead, but do not get an absolute majority. Therefore, the formation of a government of Sanchez will be forced to seek an Alliance with other parties.
The extreme right can enter Parliament for the first time after the fall of francoism
The Parliament can get the ultra-nationalist party “VOX”, which, according to preliminary estimates, can get up to 10% of the votes. Six months ago this party started to gain popularity, receiving 11% of votes in the elections in the southern region of Andalusia. Recall that the right-wing parties were not represented in the legislature of Spain since Franco’s death in 1975.
Eighteen months after attempts of separation of Catalonia, the problem remains acute and is continuing to cause controversy. The trial of twelve leaders of the Catalan independence, which takes place from mid-February and is expected to last until mid-may also affect the campaign.
Not long ago, Pedro Sanchez reiterated its opposition to any referendum on self-determination, but promised Catalonia greater autonomy. Right-wing and extreme right accused Sanchez “treason”, because I think that he came to power with the support of the separatists.
According to polls, before the elections, almost a quarter of the voters of Spain have not yet made a decision. With the increasing fragmentation of the political landscape of the country that can give the most unexpected results. Polling stations closed at 20:00.