Monday, June 17, Roskomnadzor has submitted a draft order describing a routing rule of a sovereign Russian Internet in the “external threat”. According to the document, the Russian users will not be able to send traffic outside of Russia. Exception made for embassies, consulates and the residents of the Kaliningrad region.
In comments to the Russian service RFI coordinator on international cooperation organization “Roskomsvoboda” Alexander Isavnin and Executive Director of the “society for the protection of the Internet” Michael Klimarev explained why the draft order of Roscomnadzor will not be usable in practice.
Alexander Isavnin: All orders that have been released in preparation for the entry of this law into force, stupid. The law of sovereign Internet means that more than 30 by-laws — Pro national domain system, about teaching, about the responsibility of the owners of technology networks… All of these orders are written in such a language, as if they wrote the military communications of the Soviet era. Probably in Roskomnadzor such work.
What is written in this draft order, will be accepted. The order is a bit odd, not very clear how to execute it. It is even less clear how we can control its execution.
The content of the order will be discussed. Usually the comments to them are ignored if the commands are no serious errors. But these draft orders is a serious error. The level of regulatory impact is incorrect, we expect that Rosemarie or the Russian Union of Industrialists and entrepreneurs write, pay attention to all the nonsense that is written there.
I would not want to select specifically the order of the whole set of stupid things that our government does under the sovereignty of the Russian Internet. These orders are unprofessional, they do not take into account the fact how the Internet works in General.
It’s all in some measure the result of bureaucracy: the law should enter into force in November, and it needed laws. Now they [Roskomnadzor] to urgently write some documents. That anyhow. Something.
The law of sovereign Internet can be somehow implemented, in your opinion?
It can be implemented in only one plane: let’s tear off the Russian Internet from the global. The main danger of this law is that it gives the authorities such a right. They will be able to intervene in infrastructure things that relate to the Internet. Usually it’s run by the invisible hand of the market, and no civilized nation is usually in this area does not interfere.
For the purposes for which it was written, that is, the protection of Runet from external threats, it is not necessary.
Written the decree speaks of a total misunderstanding of how the Internet is arranged. If the traffic is outside Russia, then it means that either the channel is somehow faster, or somehow cheaper. Traffic so beneficial to “crawl” and go.
To what model of the Internet, we are moving now, if you can distinguish the Chinese model, in which Internet access is severely limited, and North Korea, where the Internet is almost there?
Using Chinese to Korean. Right now we can implement the Chinese model is exactly for the reason that we have no monopoly on external relations. But the state gave itself the right to interfere in the relationship between operators which now are under construction on the basis of mutually beneficial ties. As soon as the state intervenes under the pretext, say, of an emergency situation, it can establish a monopoly for one or more operators. Then you can install some equipment and conduct censorship. It will be the Chinese model.
Michael Klimarev: there is No such thing online as Russian or non-Russian traffic. This notion of Roskomnadzor. The Internet is an international network, and the traffic is also extraterritorial.
If to speak about the law in General, its value has risen to 30 billion rubles, 10 billion more than before. Probably these numbers will continue to grow. And how he will implement?
The law says that the traffic redirection will be made only in case of extreme events. That is to say that the Runet will samotorova immediately after the adoption of the law impossible.
But the technical implementation will be quite complex. The society for the protection of the Internet, we monitor the so-called “index of connectedness” is when the Russian Autonomous system is connected to foreign Autonomous system. Such relationships in Russia, about 3500. In order to disable this number of routes, Roskomnadzor will require considerable effort.
In other countries this number is higher?
Russia — in third place. In the first place, of course, the US, and recently we were overtaken by Brazil. This is a great figure. In Kazakhstan, for example, such ties is about 10. In China — 30.
The main points of the new law is the introduction of the so-called DPI (Deep Packet Inspection), — a technology that automatically allows you filter Internet traffic. What is it?
Such a volume of traffic in Russia, tens of terabit — any DPI was not designed. I don’t think he will be able to work.
Just imagine what this device need to bring in each region for each operator. We have them in the order of 3,000. And for some operators, the set of nodes and deliver it to each DPI will not work.
In fact, DPI is a server that intercepts the traffic, looking into each packet, determines what’s inside, and decides to pass it on or delete. If there is such a setting, the quality of the Internet much worse.
Imagine that on the passage of each package is the inspector who makes the decision for each package. It will take time. You can immediately put an end to all kinds of real-time services, game resources, networks, 5G… will This affect the development of Russia’s economy.