In Chisinau, the political situation continues to stabilize, the Cabinet is trying to carry out personnel changes, without breaking the law, and expects the resignation of attorney General Edward Harungana that is not going away. The post-crisis situation in Moldova RFI commented the French Ambassador to Moldova Pascal Le Danff, who spoke about the role of the diplomatic community in resolving the political conflict.
RFI: How would you describe the events in Moldova: it was a coup d’etat, the crisis of dual power — what happened in Chisinau?
Pascal Le Danff: I will say that recent events have been unexpected. Parliamentary elections were held on 24 February, none of the major parties was not the majority, and therefore it was necessary to create a coalition or repeat elections. The weeks went by, and dialogue between these parties is not particularly advanced. As this involved politicians began to wonder about the deadline of a coalition. Depending on the interpretation of the Constitution was called for only two possible numbers: 9 June (three months after the approval of the election) and 21 June (three months from the date of the first meeting of the Parliament). No one talked about the other numbers, the constitutional court could not ignore these debates, this topic was discussed every day. The COP waited until the evening of 7 June to say that the deadline for forming a coalition is not 9 and not 21 June, and the evening of the same day.
The second point that caused my surprise is the formation of a ruling coalition consisting of the party of socialists and Pro-European anti-corruption unit ACUM. We did not expect.
Is it possible what happened, to call a constitutional coup?
I’m more talking about unexpected events. I think everyone was surprised by this rapid historical events in Moldova. Other terminology I don’t use.
What key elements contributed to the resolution of the crisis?
Throughout the week the two governments were facing each other: the former Minister Pavel Filip, which supported the Democratic party and the government, Maia Sandu, supported by the new parliamentary majority. The tension was high, and the situation could be disadvantaged, especially that on 16 June there had been planned mass demonstrations.
In my opinion, its role in resolving the crisis has played three of the item. The first element is the international community’s call for dialogue. The second element is the EU very quickly made it clear that he is ready to work with the new government, supported by the democratically elected parliamentary majority. France was the first country that organized a meeting with the new Minister of foreign Affairs of Moldova NICU Popescu, Minister for European Affairs of France Amelie de Monchalin, the meeting was held in Paris on 13 June. The third element, in my opinion, it is the determination of the leaders of the new parliamentary majority, and reconciliation with the situation of the responsible persons of the democratic party, which helped to unblock the situation.
My fellow journalists called the events in Moldova a “revolution ambassadors.” What do you think?
To begin, I will tell you that the decision to create a government is a sovereign decision of the political forces of Moldova. With regard to the role of the diplomatic corps, I will say two things: I believe that many of us, diplomats, who are in the country, sincere worried about the situation, which caused more concern, risking to lead to violence and destabilization in the country. Many of us, especially the Europeans, conveyed this idea to all the protagonists of these events.
Secondly, I want to note: not interfere in the internal Affairs of Moldova, we Europeans, for several weeks talked about the need to find as soon as possible the decision to create a new coalition to avoid early elections. This was the interest of the Moldovan people, who could not continue to wait another several months of implementing the reforms envisaged by the Association Agreement (with the EU). We are also reminded that the international monetary Fund expected the new government to consider the possibility of renewing the programme of cooperation with Moldova, which expires in November. Depended on the question of the renewal of funding from the EU.
Now, when the Republic of Moldova had the opportunity to conduct a qualitative changes in public administration, what determines success?
I believe that the success of the government she should do what she promised: to move in the direction of a legal state, reform the justice sector to regain the trust of citizens to justice, to conduct an investigation into big Bank fraud that caused great harm to this country. Citizens expect that those responsible for banking theft will be punished. All that is need is a new parliamentary majority did what they promised.
How much time it will take?
Time, of course, limited. Citizens expect rapid change. While the statement of the Prime Minister and her government say that the ice was broken. Here you need patience, but, in any case, the Cabinet is moving in this direction.
Another sensitive topic — the disappearance of Mr. Plahotniuc. The journalists ‘ sources say that he and Ilan Shor, left the country through Transnistria and Ukraine. How is that possible? If he had received any guarantees from the international community, which allowed him to do that?
First of all, I don’t know where is Mr. plahotniuc, where Mr. shore. And I don’t see what guarantees that you’re telling me could be given to them by the international community.
And finally — remember, when the crisis was resolved, I thought that my vacation is saved. How about your holiday?
I don’t know, because the past events gave way to intense diplomatic work. France wants to support the government, because we believe that Moldova has the opportunity to move to a new stage of political, economic and social development. Perhaps the French officials will soon meet with the leadership of Moldova and in this case, ambassadors should facilitate such meetings.