Not to panic, to get rid of baggage and move crouching — as the MOE recommends that behave in case of fire on Board the aircraft and which of these rules has been violated by the passengers of the Sukhoi SuperJet 100, versed “Газета.Ru”.
MOE advises not to panic in emergency situations on Board the aircraft and during the evacuation in case of fire, get rid of carry-on baggage. Rules of conduct in case of accidents on the transport placed on the website of the Ministry.
Aviation accidents and disasters is possible for many reasons, noted on the website. To serious consequences lead to the destruction of individual aircraft designs, engine failure, violation of systems control, power, communications, piloting, lack of fuel, and interruptions in the livelihood of the crew and passengers.
In case of fire on Board the biggest danger is smoke, not fire, warns MOE.
“Breathe only through cotton or woolen clothing items, if possible, moistened with water, — stated in the text. — Making his way to the exit, move crouching or on all fours, since the bottom of the cabin smoke less. Protect exposed areas of the body from direct exposure to fire, using the clothes, blankets, etc.
After landing and stopping the aircraft immediately go to the nearest exit, because a high probability of explosion. If passage is blocked, go through the chair, dropping them back. During the evacuation, get rid of hand Luggage and avoid exit through the hatches, near which there is an open fire or heavy smoke”.
The main thing — not to panic and to act decisively.
After exiting the plane we need to move away from him as possible and to lie on the ground, clutching your head with your hands — this will help to protect from a possible explosion.
Rescuers are advised prior to each flight to adjust and fasten your seatbelt — this is especially important during hard landing. You should also check over the head with heavy suitcases.
“Accidents on takeoff and landing, sudden, so pay attention to the smoke, a sharp decline, stop, engines, etc. empty your pockets of sharp objects that bend and firmly clasp your hands under the knees (or get a hold of the ankle). His head lay on the lap, or tilt it as low as possible. The legs abut to the floor, pulling them as far as possible, but not under the front seat. At the moment of impact maximally tighten and prepare for significant overload. Under no circumstances do not leave your seat until the plane, do not panic,” advised the MOE.
The evening of 5 may, the Sukhoi SuperJet 100 aircraft, carrying out flight Moscow — Murmansk, made an emergency landing at Sheremetyevo airport later, 28 minutes after takeoff. According to preliminary data, the plane was struck by lightning, which led to the failure of on-Board instruments. As a result, the liner at a high vertical speed crashed into the runway. There was a fire, which spread to the whole of the tail part of the SSJ-100. As a result of the tragedy killed 41 people. 37 passengers were rescued, some of them hospitalized.
After the disaster flood of criticism from experts and ordinary people fell on the survivors of the passengers, who came to the tapes running from the plane with hand Luggage.
They were accused of that by saving your stuff, they have caused the death of those passengers who stayed in the cabin next 12 rows.
The faster people get out of the cabin of the burning plane, the higher its chances of survival.
“The plane burns, melts the covering of the Windows! No need to be fatalistic, it is necessary to be saved. And it is necessary to leave the aircraft, otherwise it will explode — Planes burn [not more than] 90 seconds. Then I explode. During this time, passengers should leave the burning plane, — has told “Газете.Ru” the President of the International Advisory-analytical Agency “Security of flights” Valery Shelkovnikov, citing the example of the case of burning Boeing 767-300 on the runway in Chicago in 2016. — Passengers there yelling at those who take hand Luggage.
In the end, 169 people were saved in 60 seconds, after which the aircraft exploded.”
According to the expert, who is working on proposals on innovation in terms of safety. So, passengers at the entrance to the plane is suggested for put on on the neck of the sealed plastic envelope that you could put the most necessary – phone, documents, credit cards. And flight attendants before the flight it is proposed to ensure not only that the belt is buckled, but that on the chest of the passenger has the envelope with your important personal belongings.
May propose and to punish the attempts of the passengers to take hand Luggage in case of an emergency situation. Today none of the Russian airlines does not warn about this when briefing passengers, he says.
The behavior of passengers in normal and emergency situations plays the role of and differences in “culture” of Western and Russian air travelers.
“Why those were saved, and we are not saved? Yes, because there is often fly, and they very carefully look at the stewardess and then they read the slips of paper with the instructions – where is the emergency exit, and so on, — said Shelkovnikov. – And our people do anything, listen to music, when the flight attendant explain where the emergency exits, throw out the instruction booklets”.