A single dose of ketamine may help to reduce alcohol consumption. To such conclusion experts of University College of London, according to MedicalXpress.
Scientists conducted an experiment, which was attended by 90 participants, consume alcoholic beverages. They drank on average 74 units (almost 5.7 l) of alcohol per week, which exceeds the recommended limit of five times. Participants were given a glass of beer and said that they can drink it after the job. The volunteers rated their desire to drink, and also ranked the level of expected pleasure when viewing images of alcoholic beverages. Thus they had a kind of a reward for memories associated with the consumption of alcoholic beverages.
On the second day the participants were forbidden to drink alcohol, which destabilized the so-called memory of pleasure. And on the third day of the third volunteers were injected with ketamine, which works on a reward system and prevents the formation of dependence.
As a result, after ten days of observation, the researchers found that the injections reduced the volunteers desire to drink alcohol. The effect persisted for nine months.
The researchers cautioned that the study is experimental. According to them, further study to optimize treatment and to determine who it can benefit.
Earlier Thursday, the German scientists call the safe dose of alcohol for a man. So, without significant harm to health women should drink no more than 12 g of pure alcohol per day and men no more than 24 g.