The U.S. National Aeronautics and space administration (NASA) is currently revising the dates of the flights of its astronauts to the international space station (ISS) on American spacecraft to form a realistic schedule and to put on the first place safety. This was announced on Thursday, TASS, the official representative of the American space Agency Stephanie Shierholz.
“NASA and our partners want to send astronauts (to the ISS. – Approx. TASS) as soon as possible, not placing under a threat their safety. We will always give security the priority over speed. NASA administrator asked that the new associate administrator for manned spaceflight Douglas Loverro to revise the date of flight to form a realistic schedule,” she said. Before that, Shierholz asked whether NASA in February to send astronauts Robert Behnken and Douglas Hurley to the ISS on the Dragon spacecraft Crew.
A NASA spokesman also added that Loverro started his duties in the management of 3 Dec.
Previously in SpaceX hopes to carry out the first manned flight of its spacecraft Crew Dragon to ISS in February 2020, with a preliminary January 4, the test system abort.
“NASA and SpaceX are working on testing the system abort Crew Dragon, which is scheduled for 4 January,” confirmed Shierholz. According to her, the demonstration of emergency rescue system of the spacecraft Crew Dragon is “one of the last important test that will be conducted by the company before NASA astronauts will fly on the ship”.
NASA has stopped manned flights in 2011, after the completion of the program, use the return of the ships of the Space Shuttle. Since then, the astronauts delivered to the ISS by the Russian “Unions”.
In addition to SpaceX, his spacecraft – the CST-100 Starliner – was developed by the Boeing Corporation. Into orbit and it will output booster Atlas V. the First launch of the “Starliner” in an unmanned mode is planned for December 20.
Crew Dragon is a modification of the cargo Dragon, which already delivers cargo to the ISS. In automatic mode, this ship was sent to the station March 2 of this year and docked her the next day.
Initially it was assumed that American commercial ships will launch manned missions in 2017, but the schedule was moved several times.
NASA lost interest in the ISS
NASA significantly changes the vector of manned spaceflight. The international space station smoothly translates them for commercial use, and state interests tend to lunar orbit and landing in 2024 on the moon first lunar heterosexual couples – men and women. This was stated by the program managers of NASA’s human research resources on the working meeting of the Russian-American group, passing these days in Moscow. It was also attended by representatives of Roscosmos and the Russian Academy of Sciences, writes, “Moskovsky Komsomolets”.
In the American lunar project “Artemis” in addition to NASA, have already expressed their to participate a number of private companies, the European space Agency (ESA), Japan and Canada. It is assumed that after “Artemis” the U.S. will break the inhabited settlement on the moon that will create a good Foundation for later exploration of Mars.
The first flight under the program Artemis – Artemis 1 – includes launch of the lunar orbit capsule without a crew. She’ll stay there for 25 days and will return to Earth. The second flight, with a crew of four astronauts, is scheduled for 2022-23 years. It involves the lunar flyby and return to Earth. Then it is planned the construction of a Lunar orbital platforms to receive the first mission to land a man on the moon – Artemis 3. It is planned for 2024. It is assumed that two heterosexual astronauts will remain on the moon for up to two weeks.
The second big NASA project, which they announced at the meeting of the working group addresses a range of training annual flight to the ISS on the eve of a flight to Mars. They can go in parallel with the preparation of “Artemis”. Their essence is to simulate the astronauts immediately after landing on Mars, after a long space flight.