The U.S. Senate Thursday unanimously adopted a resolution recognizing the Armenian genocide in Ottoman Empire in 1915. Broadcast meetings led channel C-Span.
“We have just adopted a resolution on the Armenian genocide, and it is worthy and correct that the Senate thereby becoming the on the right side of history,” said Democrat Robert Menendez (from new Jersey), at the initiative of the discussed resolution. His words leads TASS.
According to accepted in the upper house of Congress rules, any Senator may request the consent consideration and adoption of the bill or resolution and may block the legislative initiative. On Thursday, an objection to the proposal menéndez followed.
Earlier consideration in the upper house a resolution recognizing the Armenian genocide was blocked by Republican Lindsey Graham (of South Carolina).
The head of Department on public relations of administration of the President of Turkey Tayyip Erdogan, Fahrettin Altun said on Thursday that the adopted Senate resolution threatens the future of bilateral relations between Ankara and Washington.
“The behavior of some members of Congress harm Turkish-American relations. Approved yesterday by the foreign Affairs Committee of the Senate of the U.S. Congress of a package of sanctions [against Turkey] and adopted today in the Senate Armenian resolution [on the recognition of the Armenian genocide in Ottoman Empire in 1915] is threatening the future of our bilateral relations,” wrote Altun on his Twitter page. He also noted that “sanctions and threats will not prevent [Turkey] to protect the interests of national security.”
The foreign Affairs Committee of the Senate of the U.S. Congress on Wednesday approved a package of sanctions against Turkey and its financial sector in connection with the Ankara military operation in the North-East of Syria and the purchase of Russian anti-aircraft missile systems s-400. Now the document will be submitted for consideration by the full Senate, where it can be amended. A similar bill was approved by the House of representatives of the U.S. Congress at the end of October.
In October, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has condemned the decision of the Democrats controlled the house of representatives of the U.S. Congress to recognize the Armenian genocide in the Ottoman Empire. He expressed hope that the Senate will not repeat “mistakes like this”. For the initiative, then voted 405 congressmen, 11 voted against it.
Resolution of the house of representatives and the Senate, which are taken separately in each house of Congress, have no legal force and are Advisory in nature. Thus legislators to Express their position on a particular issue, while the Executive has the right to ignore such documents.
In April, the President of the United States Donald trump in his statement, timed to the anniversary of the deportation of Armenians from Constantinople, again did not call the tragedy a genocide. His predecessor, Democrat Barack Obama in his statements on this account, I also avoided the word “genocide”.
In the late XIX – early XX century in the Ottoman Empire carried out the persecution of Armenians, which reached a peak in 1915 during the First world war. Then it was destroyed more than 1.5 million Armenians. Armenia calls the events genocide. The day of memory of victims of the Armenian genocide marked on April 24: on this day in Istanbul 100 years ago, was detained and killed more than 800 representatives of the local intellectuals of Armenian origin.
The fact of the Armenian genocide in Ottoman Turkey is recognized by many States, by the European Parliament and the world Council of churches.
Turkey rejects the term “genocide” in relation to the events of 1915, stating that in the Ottoman Empire was a fratricidal war all sides suffered heavy losses. Ankara has announced the opening of the Ottoman archives, and invited historians to study them “to develop an objective approach” to the events of 100 years ago.
While the Turkish authorities strictly adhere to the extreme view, unequivocally denies the genocide. So, in 2015, Turkey has recalled its Ambassador to Vienna after Austrian Parliament adopted a Declaration condemning the Armenian genocide in the Ottoman Empire. Prior to this, Turkey recalled its Ambassador from the Vatican after Pope Francis used the word “genocide” speaking about the mass killings of Armenians.
In 2016, Turkey recalled its Ambassador in Berlin to protest against the fact that the lower house of the German Parliament (Bundestag) “the overwhelming majority” recognized the Armenian genocide. In Ankara, the decision called a “historic mistake.”
The state Duma adopted in 1995, the resolution “On condemnation of the Armenian genocide 1915-1922 years in its historic homeland – in Western Armenia.”
At the same time, some countries refuse to recognize the Armenian genocide for fear of worsening relations with Ankara. So, the Israeli Knesset on 14 February 2018 has rejected a bill on recognition of the Armenian genocide. Deputy Minister of foreign Affairs Tzipi Hotovely said that Yerevan had sent a parliamentary delegation to the 100th anniversary of the Armenian genocide in 2015, but the country will not take a formal position on this issue because of its complexity and diplomatic consequences, as well as a pronounced political nature.
Despite a common border between Armenia and Turkey has no diplomatic relations. In 2009 in Zurich foreign Ministers of the two countries signed the protocols on establishment of diplomatic relations and on the principles of mutual relations, however these documents were not ratified by the parties. March 1, 2018 Armenia announced the cancellation of the mentioned protocols.