In China, archaeologists during the excavations in Shaanxi province, where almost half a century ago was discovered by the famous underground Terra-cotta army, unearthed 200 clay soldiers.
On the opening told the online edition of Smithsonian Magazine. Archaeologists found clay figures are part of a vast underground army created by ancient sculptors for the protection of the fearsome Emperor Qin Shi Huang in the afterlife.
This army was created more than 2000 years ago. The first underground warrior in 1974, found the villagers who built the well. Subsequent excavations have shown that beneath the surface lurks a whole army.
This archaeological discovery has become one of the most prominent and significant in the last century. However, as it turned out, not all of its mystery was then solved. Archaeologists managed to find another 200 soldiers. They all have unique facial features and hairstyles — scientists have found at least two identical warriors.
I wonder what the sculptors have depicted only infantry with spears in their hands and archers. These warriors were discovered during 10 years of excavation of the so-called “pit No. 1” is the largest of the three large pits containing surprising figures.
By the way, the fourth pit discovered during the excavations of the 1970-ies, was empty. Perhaps this suggests that the project of burial was not completed.
As for the newly found figures, they are located in different places inside the pit — probably depending on their military tasks. By the way, their armor and clothing are insignias indicating military rank. This is another sign of the individuality of the terracotta soldiers.
Famous clay army surrounding the mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, whose short but terrible reign lasted from 221 to 210 BC. According to estimates of archaeologists, only its composition may include up to 7000 soldiers. At the moment, excavated over 2,000 soldiers.
During the recent excavations the researchers also found many other relics, including 12 clay horses, the remains of two chariots, painted shields, bronze swords, bows and other weapons.
It is believed that the underground army was created on the orders of Qin Shi Huang soon after his accession to the throne at the age of 13 years. This Emperor had conquered neighbouring States and established the first United Chinese Empire.
Qin Shi Huang was very interested in immortality, and even organized expeditions in search of mages or alchemists who could provide him with the elixir of life. The efforts were in vain. Perhaps, therefore, the Emperor ordered to build the terracotta army to maintain his power after death.
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