The EU urges the countries of the block to open the borders to save the tourist season. In the European Commission indicate that the removal of restrictions within the block should be gradual. However, the salvation of the summer tourist season, with the preservation of security for the people there believe it is possible.
The European Commission presented recommendations to EU member States for the gradual opening of borders. The corresponding document was published on the website of the EC.
The European Commission expect that their recommendations will help the tourism business to resume its operations and will save the industry from bankruptcy. The main emphasis in the recommendations is for the safe restoration of freedom of movement and abolition of internal border controls within the EU.
“Free movement and cross-border travel is key to tourism. As member States are able to reduce the spread of the virus, General restrictions on freedom of movement must be replaced by more targeted measures,” the document reads.
Thus, if the total abolition of restrictions due to epidemiological situations is not possible, the Commission proposes a phased and coordinated approach, which begins with the lifting of restrictions between districts.
Also allows for open borders between member States are quite similar epidemic situations.
The European Commission advises member States when decisions are to be guided by three criteria: in making decisions on the abolition of restrictions must act on the basis of the following three criteria: epidemiological, economical-social and deterrent.
The first implies that the removal of restrictions should start with those areas where the situation with coronavirus began to improve. Here are the key recommendations of the European centre for disease prevention and control (ECDC).
The second criterion implies that it is first necessary to identify the priority transboundary movement in key areas, including personal reasons. The third requires you to calculate the ability of States to implement measures to curb the spread of the coronavirus in terms of tourist flow.
Moreover, as noted at the press conference the European Commissioner for health Stella Kyriakides,
EU countries that want to take this summer, European tourists must ensure all the necessary medical services for the detection and treatment of coronavirus to all in need, including tourists.
Separately, the European Commission insists on the principle of non-discrimination. That is, when a member state decides to allow travel through its territory or in specific regions and areas on its territory, it should also allow travel from all areas, regions or countries in the EU with similar epidemiological conditions.
Restrictions should be abolished without any discrimination for all EU citizens and all residents of this state, regardless of their nationality, and should be applied to all parts of the EU in a similar epidemiological situation.
The EC does not hide that all these recommendations are aimed at supporting the tourism industry at least in the EU. “Recommendations of the European Commission aims to give people the opportunity to obtain necessary rest, relaxation and fresh air. As soon as the health situation will allow, people should be able to meet up with friends and family in their own country or another country of the European Union, with all the necessary security measures and precautions,” reads the statement by the EC.
However, the EC acknowledged: if the tourist season and will be saved only partially. But even this requires strict adherence to the recommendations of the Commission.
“If we work together, and everyone will do their part as currently recommended by the European Commission, we don’t have to stay home in the summer, we won’t be completely lost summer for the European tourism industry”, — said the Deputy head of the EC on digital economy Margrethe Vestager.
Open borders within the Union was one of its advantages, but pandemic has made some adjustments in this system. European countries have closed not only from foreigners but also from each other, explaining that the protection of its national interests.
Technically this departure from the “monolithic unity” is because the EU does not have a common health care system, and in General, the member countries made their own decisions within the framework of a pandemic. As stated in conversation with “Газетой.Ru” associate Professor of the Department of European law of MGIMO Nikolay Topornin, the prospect of closing borders in the framework of the European Union can be seen at two to three months: this is dictated by the need to counter the pandemic.
“At the same time in several countries is the relaxation of the quarantine, the economy could have trouble breathing.
The main achievement of the EU common economic space. If the borders remain closed, the country will suffer huge losses”,
the expert added.
Despite the emergence of the current recommendations of the European Commission, as at the beginning of the pandemic, the countries of the European Union is increasingly guided by their own plans to open the borders. According to the President of Czech Republic Milos Zeman, the country should keep the borders closed for at least a year because of the pandemic.
In the case of complete removal of restrictions on entry and exit from the Republic there is a danger that it again penetrates the coronavirus, I’m sure the Czech leader. Thus he reacted to the proposal by the Czech health Minister Adam Adalbert, who urged partially lift the ban on travel to countries with low numbers of infected. In fact, the Czech Minister proposed what is now recommended in the EC.
Offer Zeman — while the most radical in the EU, but other leaders in General are not in a hurry to make optimistic forecasts. For example, the President of France Emmanuel macron said
the opening of the countries within the Schengen area is possible only by September.
Some countries have a moderate approach. For example, in Poland 13 may took the decision to maintain border control while on a month — until June 12. While Warsaw has already eased the control on the border with Lithuania. Workers, entrepreneurs and students of these two countries may cross the border under the simplified rules. For this you need to have a document confirming the purpose of travel — working document, business card, document, certificate from the University confirming that the student in this study, etc.
In addition, since may 15, will open the internal borders between the three EU members — Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia. Epidemiological situation in these States are similar enough that you will resume the free movement of citizens of these countries. However, arriving in the Baltic States to citizens of other States will continue a two-week quarantine.
A common border by June 15, decided to open in Germany and Austria. The decision was announced after telephone talks between Chancellor Angela Merkel and Sebastian Kurtz. While in Berlin, go and on more General measures. According to the Minister of internal Affairs Horst Seehofer,
Germany since Saturday will start to loosen some border control measures.
In particular, from 16 may will be weakened control at the German borders with France, Switzerland and Austria. Seehofer said that in the framework of the easing will be fully opened band move on the borders, and control will be conducted selectively. In addition, Germany cancels surveillance at the borders with Luxembourg and Denmark.
Probably, after the publication of the recommendations of the European Commission, the easing of border regimes will be used for other EU member States. But the citizens outside the Union countries can expect to participate in the tourist season in Europe is not necessary.
“As regards external borders, the closed mode may persist long enough or even to be selective. The situation with the pandemic is different in the world, to open the border with countries where there was some progress in the fight against the virus. With the same, where the raging pandemic of the imminent opening of borders to not speak”, — said Mykola Topornin.
It is possible that the implementation of such a selective policy will force the EU to reconsider the mechanism of the Schengen agreement, the expert continued. According to him, currently it does not work because of its openness and democracy.