According to a new study, coronavirus affects not only the lungs and throat, but also other organs throughout the body such as kidneys, intestines, heart, liver and brain.
Two separate studies reported that the virus goes far beyond the lungs and can affect various organs, this information may explain a range of symptoms that causes COVID-19. This discovery explains the appearance of atypical symptoms of coronavirus in patients, such as blood clots which causes stroke in young people, headaches and kidney failure.
Coronavirus is classified as a respiratory virus and is transmitted by airborne droplets, however, in some cases, it can cause diarrhea and other disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. The researchers found evidence of virus in the feces of patients and warn that it may be passed on so-called fecal-oral route, writes CNN.
In one study, Jie Zhou and his colleagues at the University of Hong Kong wanted to know how well the virus can survive in the intestine. They grew intestinal organelles (laboratory versions of the bodies) both bats and people. The study showed that the virus not only lives in these organelles, but also breeds in them.
“Intestinal tract can be by means of transmission of SARS-CoV-2”, – they wrote in his article in the journal Nature Medicine.
They also found that the virus can infect cells in the stool. To do this, the researchers took a stool sample from the patient, the patient COVID-19.
“After admission to the hospital Princess Margaret 68-year-old patient had a fever, sore throat, wet cough, and diarrhea. We isolated infectious virus from her stool sample”, – wrote the researchers. “Here we demonstrate active replication of SARS-CoV-2 in the intestinal organelles of man and the secretion of infectious virus from the stool sample of a patient with diarrhoeal COVID-19”.
Separately, a team from the University medical center Hamburg-Eppendorf in Germany, performed the autopsy of 27 patients who died from COVID-19. They found the virus in various organs.
“SARS-CoV-2 can be detected in many organs, including the lungs, throat, heart, liver, brain and kidneys”, – they wrote in an article published in the New England Journal of Medicine.
The scientists noted that the virus obviously has a particularly strong impact on the kidneys, which explains the high incidence of kidney disease among patients with coronavirus.
The virus ‘ ability to attack different organs can exacerbate pre-existing conditions. People with heart disease, diabetes and kidney disease are especially vulnerable to the novel coronavirus.