Animals

A ruthless woman executioner: why is everyone afraid of the wife of the divisional commander Schorsa like the plague

Froome Hikino were afraid of fire. Because she killed people without a second thought: in her personal asset listed about 200 people.

Slender, dark-haired, very strong woman named fruma lived three lives. Life was different, under different names. More precisely, not even so. She died eighty years old, but her life, a real life, one of the three that fit into the years of her earthly existence, was very short and bright, like a meteor.

Life first. Chaikin

6 Feb 1897 in novozibkov, Chernigov province, into a family of Jewish official’s daughter was born froome. She was educated at home within two classes and diligently as befits a girl from a good Jewish family, learned to sew, because, pray tell, who’ll make her dowry, which would have to have?

In General, about his childhood and her youth has been preserved very little information. She herself, apparently, not very fond of later to remember the years in the Jewish settlement. Talked about the fact that she was well educated, was a student. And that rose beauty.

Nikolay Shchors and his wife Frum Chaikin.

Life the second. Schors

To the revolutionary movement Frum Chaikin joined in 1917. In 1918, she showed up in the city of Unecha (now the Bryansk region) at the head of the Chinese and the Kazakhs, who before the revolution was employed in the construction of the railway. Now they were out of business, and the new government quickly formed them into combat squads, including at the local Cheka.

Frum Chaikin-Schors.

Combat mission of the detachment was the establishment of revolutionary order in the border station, and, as said manual emergency Committee, 1918, “surveillance for counter-revolutionary agitation, the local bourgeoisie, unreliable counter-revolutionary elements, kulaks, profiteers, and other enemies of Soviet power, the adoption of preventive measures and warning against enemies.”

This list of duties shows that yesterday’s students were full mistress in Unecha. She wore leather jacket and leather pants, always accompanied by their Chinese and with a revolver at his side. This Mauser froome was not difficult to use if necessary. She was the head of the local Cheka and a member of the revolutionary Committee Unechskaya.

At the station Unecha Frum Chaikin feel full hostess.

Keep the memories of how Frum suggests revolutionary order in the border area. It was worth it to see the “alien mood” of the guard or a representative of the bourgeoisie, as this short, skinny girl was saying, “Shot!” And the Chinese brought out the sentence immediately.

Nikolai Shchors among the students of the school officers’, the newspaper “the Spotlight”. 1935.

There are more piquant memories. “Haya in leather pants” — so called her in the eyes and the eye — ruler of the destinies of the inhabitants of the city, sitting on the porch of the house reserved for the headquarters of the Cheka. “All listen to her. She searches, she judges herself shooting: sitting on the porch, then judges, then shoots,” reports an eyewitness in his memoirs taffy.

And further: “And in no way shy. I can’t even with the lady to tell, I’d rather talk to one gentleman Averchenko. He’s a writer, so he could somehow in poetic form to make it clear. Well, in one word, I would say that the easiest soldier sometimes from the porch goes into something yourself aside. Well, this Commissar will not depart and no hesitation not recognize…”

Nadezhda Teffi.

Chaikin appeared in Unecha in the winter. A few months later, in the spring of 1918, it arrived here as Shchors — the Bolshevik commander of the guerrilla unit. Of course, the regimental commander and the owner of the local Cheka could not meet. They met. And soon, security officers and fellow soldiers Shchors and other motley crowd learned that the “red commander” and “Haya in leather pants” twisted love.

Especially their closer, probably, the rebellion in Logoscom shelf, a formation which was engaged in Shchors. The rebels defeated the Cheka, occupied the headquarters of the regiment, seized the Telegraph, destroyed the railroad, and sent to the Germans with a request to take the Unecha. Shchors was saved only because he managed to escape from trying to arrest the rebels. The revolt was suppressed, but the representatives of the new government had to go through some very troubling days. In late autumn 1918, froome was married and her surname became Shchors. But even then froome with leather pants and a revolver didn’t break up. In military formations under the command of Shchors, too, had their service, the Cheka, and the wife of the commander of the red they became in charge.

Nikolai Shchors.

By mid-December, a detachment of Shchors dislodged from the neighboring Krasnodar regions, in particular from Klintsy, detachments of Germans and Haidamaks — the so-called soldiers of the Hetman regime, who ruled in the Ukraine. Removed from the territories of the counter-revolution would bring a new, revolutionary order. Been doing froome Shchors. Years later, people recalled how this determined woman traveled to Moscow on horseback, in their invariable leather pants, with a revolver at his side. Under her leadership, found anyone who collaborated with the Haidamaks, and shot. In this they spared neither women nor adolescents.

Nikolai Shchors.

August 30, Shchors was killed during the battle with the Petliurists. Froome felt it best to leave the Bryansk region, and did so under the pretext that many people thought far-fetched: she took her husband’s body to bury it as far as possible and save you from possible abuse by the petlurites. The burial place was chosen for some reason Samara.

The story “Khai in leather pants” process.

Frum Chaikin (Rostov-Shchors).

Life third. Rostov

Widowed, E. froome took his surname Rostov, and refusing from the maiden, and from her husband’s. She received a technical education, participated in the construction of the system of electrification on the Moscow aircraft factory.

A frame from the film by Alexander Dovzhenko “Shchors”, 1939.

But after 1935, when Stalin decided that the Ukrainian people also need a hero like Chapaev and began the “canonization” bogunskiy commander, E. Frum worked for the benefit of “the widow of Shchors”. She participated as a consultant in the film about Dovzhenko Shchorsa, was present at the rehearsals of the Opera “Shchors”, helped with the printing of the compilation “Legendary commander” in which were her memories. She did many shows during this period, he participated in various official functions. She, as the widow of a hero of the civil war, has allocated an apartment in the “house on the embankment”.

A frame from the film by Alexander Dovzhenko “Shchors”, 1939.

Her daughter from a marriage with a St Valentine married the famous Soviet physicist I. M. Khalatnikov.

Died Frum Chaikin-Kotelnich-Rostov in 1977.

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