The house of representatives of the U.S. Congress supported the dismantling of the 12 monuments to supporters of the Confederacy of the southern States in the Capitol. The project is actively promoting the Democrats, they bind the statue with racism. Often against this are the Republicans. The act commemorated by the monuments of slave owners-Confederate do not relate to the fight against racial discrimination. Who and what will make the Capitol, to understand “Газета.Ru”.
The house of representatives of the U.S. Congress supported the bill on the dismantling of the statues of the supporters of the Confederacy of the southern States in the Capitol. All we are talking about 12 the monuments to outstanding representatives of the movement for the preservation of slavery in the state.
The initiative was supported by 305 members of Congress, opposed by 113 U.S. lawmakers. The vote showed not too clear party division, refused the demolition of monuments only the Republicans, but not all — of the 72 representative of the party endorsed the Democrat bill.
Now the initiative will be sent to the Senate, which is controlled by Republicans. Given the significant vote in the house of representatives, it is possible that the bill may be passed there. Here, however, we must note that from the point of view of conservative Republicans the demolition of monuments to representatives of the Confederation — an unacceptable decision, and their opinion was generally in agreement with the President of the United States Donald trump.
He has already threatened to veto the defense budget of the USA because of the design of the Democrats to rename military facilities named after slaveholders.
While the fight against the statues of the supporters of the Confederation goes to the United States is not the first year, the current bill in the house of representatives has actively supported the speaker Democrat Nancy Pelosi — she also made a similar proposal three years ago, but in the end the initiative was not adopted. In 2017, the chain of discussions about Confederation launched rallies of supporters of “white supremacy” and “Ku Klux Klan” in the United States, as the shares were widely used symbols of the Confederacy.
The new bill provoked mass demonstrations against racism and police brutality that erupted in the US in late may due to the death of African Americans at the hands of a law enforcement officer. The protests led to riots during which the target of attacks by radical demonstrators became statues and monuments supporters of the Confederacy. Between the case even got to the monument to the Navigator Christopher Columbus and the first US President George Washington.
A symbol of racism
The main argument of the opponents of the presence of statues of confederates on Capitol hill is that their very existence is a manifestation of racism. The proponents of the monuments argue that they are an integral part of the history of the country. Disputes and discussions on this topic flare up permanently in the United States, two bills of the house of representatives is only a small part of the overall fight with anything connected with the Confederacy.
However, the attempt to remove the statues from the Capitol deserves special attention, since congressmen and senators do not have this issue.
The statues themselves to the Capitol direct the American States, with a maximum of two sites per region. Under U.S. law, to replace the statue can also only heads of States, that is, to implement the plan the Democrats need to change existing Federal law.
The Republicans are going to stop them, not allowing to deprive States of their rights. As said the Republican majority leader in the Senate Mitch McConnell, the proposal looks like an attempt to “retouch” the Capitol.
“This is too much — all this stuff that we need to retouch the Capitol and cross out all the figures of past years that are somehow connected with slavery,” he said.
By the way, ironically, defenders of the Confederacy in our day are Republicans, although many prominent members of the Confederation consisted precisely in the Democratic party before the war.
The majority of Americans do not support the demolition of monuments to leaders of the Confederacy of southern slave States that existed from 1861 to 1865. According to the July poll by ABC/The Washington Post, against such measures are 52% of the respondents, in support of the initiative are 43% of the respondents.
Moreover, 68% of Americans do not believe the right to demolish the monuments of the first presidents of the United States that were also slave owners, their destruction approve only 25% of respondents.
A dozen slaveholders
However, the desire of today’s Democrats to remove from the Capitol the statues of confederates seems logical, given the party’s line on national minorities, and especially African Americans, although exactly how this will help in the fight against racial discrimination in the United States, is not too clear.
Speaking directly of monuments to Confederate supporters in the Capitol, in the beginning is to mention five key figures. First, John Caldwell Calhoun, Vice — President of the United States, the chief ideologist of the slave policies of southern States and the lobbyist of their interests in the Federal government. He died before the start of the civil war, but his ideas became the basis of Confederation.
Secondly, John Cabell Breckinridge — Vice President of the United States before the war, later Minister of war of the Confederacy. History of politics rather interesting, as his views on slavery can be quite liberal:
Breckinridge was a slave owner and defended the defense of this practice, however, as a lawyer, repeatedly defended in court the “free blacks”, in General, supporting the practice of voluntary liberation of slaves.
Third, Jefferson Davis first and only President of the Confederacy, not counting the acting head of state Howell Cobb, who held the post for less than a month. Former defense Minister and the U.S. Senator owned a large cotton plantation and a considerable number of slaves, from the point of view of some historians his preoccupation with military problems and the failure of the distribution of powers became one of the reasons for the defeat of the Confederacy.
Fourth in the list, you need to call Wade HAMPTON III, one of the commanders of the cavalry of the army of the South during the war, he was among the largest slaveholders in the United States, in his possession were several large plantations. While most criticize him for being elected Governor of South Carolina in 1876, with the support of a paramilitary group that violently attacked blacks and Republican voters. Statue HAMPTON III in 2008 moved into one of the enclosed spaces of the Capitol, again with the filing Nancy Pelosi.
It is worth mentioning the monument to Robert Edward Lee, the Confederate General, slave owner and one of the most famous military leaders of the nineteenth century. He is an icon for supporters of the Confederacy in our day, it is also called the symbol of the movement “lost cause of the South” — which removed the emphasis in the rating war with the issue of slavery to the protection of the “special” way of life, honor and bravery of the soldiers.
Among other monuments — a statue of a lawyer, Senator, Congressman and participant in the war on the Confederate side, John Kenna; Governor of North Carolina, the Senator and the guards of the Confederate army of Joensuu Baird Vance; Colonel of the confederates, judges of the Supreme court of Mississippi and a lobbyist for the campaign for the deprivation of the African-American civil rights James Zachariah George; Senator, member of the Supreme court of the United States and a soldier of the Confederate army Edward Douglass white; Vice-President of the Confederacy, a United States Congressman and author of the phrase “the Negro is not equal to the white man” Alexander Hamilton Stephens; of the Confederate General and a famous Professor of the University of Tennessee Edmund Kirby Smith, the monument to the lawyer, known for his devotion to the ideas of the confederates, Uriah Milton rose.
While this is not the full list of statues, pedestals or busts, which Democrats wish to remove from the Capitol. If you withdraw from the Confederation, the first in the list is the bust of Roger Brooke Tawney, attorney General of the United States, known as the author of the text of the decision in the case “dred Scott vs Sandford” — it legalized powerless position of blacks.