The list of natural and cultural attractions, created by UNESCO — a distinctive mark of quality that speaks to the traveller that it’s worth it to see. We decided to tell you about those Russian entities that have been entered in the register of world heritage. And suddenly you about some of them not know?
Unusual to the Russian ear the name of the Sikhote-Alin mountains are in the Primorsky Krai. It is home to rare animals like Himalayan bear and Amur tiger. Protected area declared heritage of humanity in 2001.
On the territory of Tatarstan ruins of the city founded by the Volga Bulgars (Turkic tribes). In 1361 the city was destroyed by the Golden Horde Prince Bulat-Timur — fortunately, not until the end. To our days reached the settlement, which was recognized as a unique monument in 2014.
Wrangel island is the northernmost of the sites of the world UNESCO list. It includes not only the namesake island, but the neighboring island of Herald and adjacent waters of the Chukchi and East Siberian seas. The island is known thanks to the huge rookeries of walruses, and the highest worldwide density of polar bear dens. Heritage reserve recognized in 2004.
One of the dominants of Yaroslavl — the complex of the monastery, often called the Kremlin. Together with other historical buildings of the city he was in 2005 included in the world heritage list.
Built in the Royal estate in 1532, when Kolomna was not yet the territory of Moscow. Heritage of mankind the Church is recognized in 1994.
Surprisingly, the deepest lake in the world was declared heritage of mankind is not among the first natural sites. UNESCO noted the uniqueness of this reservoir only in 1996.
In 1993, the list has become the main attraction of Sergiev Posad. The largest men’s monastery in Russia was founded in 1337, but the usual view of Lavra acquired by the XVIII century, when there appeared to be a large part of the buildings available to the public today.
Mountains of the Western Caucasus, on whose territory is located, for example, the Sochi national Park and nature reserve Ritsa, stretches from Anapa to Elbrus. Here you can find as low relief, and typically Alpine landscape with numerous glaciers. In the UNESCO list of mountains came in 1999.
Derbent is the oldest city of Russia. The first mention of it belong to the VI century BC, when it was called the Caspian gates. Here is located the citadel and fortifications, the age of which is 16 centuries. In 2003, UNESCO recognized the exceptional historical site.
Under the same title in the UNESCO list in 1998 included three sites of the Altai mountains: Altai and Katun nature reserves and the Ukok plateau. Despite the status of protected areas, there are still frequent cases of poaching.
The Ferapontov monastery in the Vologda region began to build in the XV century. For centuries it was the major cultural and religious center of the white lake region. Today, the buildings of the monastery included in the UNESCO list in 2000, a Museum and the Bishop’s farmstead of the Vologda Archdiocese.
In 1996, the Kamchatka volcanoes have been recognized world heritage site, and five years later, UNESCO has expanded the protected area. There are a large number of active volcanoes, making this area unique, even by global standards.
The only thing the Russian Kremlin, on the territory of which the Church is adjacent to the mosque, located in Kazan. It began in the tenth century, and more or less modern form was given only six centuries later. Today the fortress, which is considered heritage of humanity in 2000, is the main attraction of the capital of Tatarstan and a favorite place of walks of townspeople.
About included in the world heritage list in 2010, the Putorana plateau “Tape.ru” wrote more than once. Stunning in its beauty nature reserve is located in the North of Central Siberia, 100 km above the Arctic circle. Here you can see the pristine taiga, forest tundra and Arctic desert.
In 1992 the world heritage was recognized as belokamennye monuments of Vladimir and Suzdal. Located very close to each other in the city — an ideal route for a weekend of diverse and non-exhaustive.
In 1990 one of the first in the list included the main square of Russia (along with Kremlin). In Moscow there are three attraction, marked by UNESCO, more than in any other region of the country.
Partially located on the territory of Lithuania the Curonian spit is one of the main natural attractions in Kaliningrad region. Its length is 98 km, width — from 400 meters at its narrowest point up to four kilometres at its widest. KOs was included in the UNESCO world heritage list in 2000.
Another attraction of Moscow — Novodevichy convent — was built in XVI-XVII centuries. The monastery is an outstanding representative of Moscow Baroque and known for the fact that here was tonsured a nun from women of the Royal family. The importance of the monastery for the world of culture was recognized in 2005.
The biggest Russian tourist attraction from the list occupies an area of 3.28 million hectares, including lowland tundra, mountain tundra of the Urals and one of the large areas of primary boreal forests. These areas are protected by the state for the past 50 years, in the UNESCO list of the forest logged in 1995.
In Karelia a go for the sake of Kizhi and Solovki. Both Islands are included in the world heritage list. The Kizhi Pogost, a monument of wooden architecture, included in the list in 1990.
Located in the largest region of the country — in Yakutia, the posts are located almost 200 kilometers from the Republican centre. Excursions are expensive, but those who have been at stakes, they say, that did not regret the money spent. In 2012, the uniqueness of the natural monument was celebrated at UNESCO.
One of the most famous not only in Russia but also beyond its borders attractions — the center of St. Petersburg. “Venice of the North” with its canals and over 400 bridges included in the UNESCO list in 1990.
Another attraction, which Russia shares with other States (of these three). UVS Nuur basin, partially located on the territory of Mongolia, consists of 12 separate sections, United by a common name. In these steppes inhabited by a huge number of birds, in the desert areas of rare mammals, and in the mountainous part of the lives of the snow leopard listed in the Red book. The basin was included in the UNESCO list in 2006.
The Solovki archipelago consists of six Islands, and its total area is over 300 square kilometers. Despite the fact that he is in the territory of the Arkhangelsk region, most travelers sail here from Karelia, so convenient. The archipelago was included in the list in 1992.
Hersonissos is familiar to anyone who at least once rested in the Crimea. The ruins of the ancient city, which is now part of Sevastopol, made the list of UNESCO in 2013.
“The Struve arc” is a chain of triangulation points, stretching nearly three thousand kilometers across the territory of ten European countries from Hammerfest in Norway to the Black sea. She appeared in the early nineteenth century and was used for the first authentic measurement of a big segment of the arc of the terrestrial Meridian. It was created by the astronomer Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Struve, better known in those days under the name of Vasily Yakovlevich Struve. In 2005, the landmark was included in the UNESCO world heritage list.
In the IX century Novgorod became the first capital of Russia. It is logical that it was included in the world heritage list one of the first. UNESCO recognized its heritage in 1992.