When an eskimo shaman (angakok) is not able to solve the problem with the help of the authority, intrigue or called from the snowy tundra of the ice spirits, he goes on an extreme measure — creates tupilak. A ruthless killer, alive, but created from dead flesh, he obediently serves his master, killing those who will point to the shaman.
In essence, tupilki are analogues of zombies, which, according to legends, create a Caribbean voodoo. However, if a zombie is busy in the process of the rite of the human body, usually an integer, tupilak — is a peculiar constructor from parts of humans, animals and even inanimate objects.
Tupilak is created by night in the shaman’s needle, when no one can stop witchcraft. Creating a servant-killer from sealskin, reindeer offal, feathers, bear claws, tendons and other scrap materials. But a mandatory part of tupilak is the child’s body, without which nothing happens.
Cementing terrible polar Frankenstein together with sinew and leather straps, the shaman proceeds to the main part of the rite of reviving the monster. For this, he puts on his Park backwards, throws on the face of the hood and mating with their product. The Eskimos believe that the way a sorcerer is able to breathe life into his brainchild.
After the monster began to show signs of life, the shaman threw him off the beach into the sea, giving orders to find and destroy a particular person or group of people. It was believed that this is the surest way to get rid of enemies, much more reliable than the self-punishment.
According to legend, mobilkom motivated only by hatred, and the creature will not stop until they accomplish the task owner. To escape from tupilak incredibly difficult, because at its creation were taken into account all the obstacles that can stand in front of the monster when you run the “order.”
Part of the seal helped tupilak to move quickly on the water and under the water, the hooves of reindeer-caribou — tirelessly run across the tundra, bird feathers to ascend high into the sky, and walrus and bear claws easily deal with overtaken the victim. The body of the child was necessary in order to give the beast half a brain required to perform the same task.
The corpse of an adult for these purposes did not fit. Although such a monster would be more effective and insidious sorcerers feared too intelligent being can rebel against his Creator. The child, inexperienced and less independent — this is what you need to control a dead body.
The Eskimos believed that to stop tupilak impossible, and only after completing its task, the product of a shaman once again will turn into dead flesh. However, creating a ruthless killer, the shaman knew that does so at their own risk. The Eskimos were convinced that managing tamilakam can intercept the more powerful the shaman, and then the monster can be turned against his master.
To neutralize tupilak who hunts his Creator, there was only one way to tell about the done rite his countrymen. Creating monsters from the dead bodies were censured, among the eskimo, usually, the shaman after this recognition did not expect anything good.
No, the residents of the camp were not killed his witch doctor, but his family, after uncovering unpleasant secrets, forever covered with shame, and the shaman could be banished from human society forever. In the belief system of the Inuit shaman is always a goodie and kind assistant, and the recognition of black magic stripped of his authority. Taboo to commit the manipulation of dead bodies directly connected with the funeral rites of the inhabitants of the Arctic.
The Inuit believed that all animals and items around the animated and after death, in need of burial. So, before you kill and eat a deer or a seal or a fish, a resident of Greenland asked the merits of forgiveness. The remaining unclaimed parts usually throw it into the sea, thus making a kind of funeral rite and earning this final absolution of sin. Therefore, any mystical manipulation remains, animal or human, called the Eskimos disgust and horror.
With the advent of Christianity, the Eskimos were surprised to find the similarity of tupilak and the devil — both of these entities had horns, hooves, tails and wings. Confused North of parishioners that God himself created the devil tupilak, and he returned to fight with the Creator. Therefore, it is not logical to assume that somewhere there is a more powerful sorcerer, and the priests, somehow, hide his name from parishioners.
The Europeans, faced with the legends of tupilak, eerie mystical creature very much. Scientists and tourists eagerly purchased the crafts of local residents on this topic, what has caused the entire industry special Souvenirs. Each master represents tupilak in their own way, as the canonical image of the beast does not exist. Figures massively carved from wood, stone and bone, and can today be found at gift fairs and exhibitions of Handicrafts around the world.