In the Soviet Union, New year has always been a feast of delicacies. Our moms and dads, and grandparents, got to the table the rare “Goodies”, which in ordinary days and even holidays, can afford. Of course, were served a traditional salad “Olivier” and champagne. How did the new year’s holiday the General secretaries of the Soviet Country?
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin
Vladimir Ilyich chose the holidays to work. To celebrate the New year the leader began in the last years of his life, when he lived in the Hills. For Lenin the country set a large tree, dressed it the most common toys, but as the guests were invited to peasant children from the surrounding villages. All prepared modest sweet gifts of candy and several lumps of sugar wrapped in paper.
However, it may be that all we know about new year celebrations of the leader of the world revolution: Soviet propaganda fake. Many historians believe that the many stories about Lenin, the trees in the Hills and children, are stories, to check the accuracy of which, in the absence of confirmed data, it is now impossible.
Stalin did not complain holidays are not related to Communist ideology. Some time in the country, even condemned the decorated Christmas tree, which were regarded as symbols of Christmas, so the attributes of obscurantism and remnants of the past. But, in spite of everything, to destroy the desire of Soviet people to celebrate the New year couldn’t even the Father of Nations, and even Stalin had to accept and start to celebrate.
First the Kremlin Christmas tree when Stalin began to put in the middle of 30-ies. New year reception in the Kremlin was magnificent and crowded and started with a summing up of the year. After presentations and discussions the party leaders and their guests moved into the hall, where they were covered with a huge table and began the feast. Stalin loved the sight, so began a tradition of performances right next to the festive table, not from the stage.
But new year’s events in the Kremlin were held in late December. Very new year’s eve the leader of the USSR preferred to spend with family and close friends at home. Tree in the house of Stalin has always been, even during the period when universally condemned. Until 1931 the forest beauty dressed wife of the leader, and later Alexander Bychenkova — the nanny of the children of Stalin. The top of the tree was always decorated with a star, copy a star of the Spasskaya tower of the Kremlin.
Guests in the house of Stalin was in the New year a little. Each received a gift, certainly domestic production. On the table was always a strong drink Georgian wine, brandy and vodka, but the leader drank only pure water, which he poured separately into a crystal decanter.
The first years of his reign, Nikita chose to celebrate all holidays, including New year’s day, family circle. But after a few years the Kremlin tradition of Christmas trees was founded by Stalin, returned and a magnificent feast was held annually. The Kremlin has invited not only the party elite, but also famous actors, musicians, scientists, writers, foremost production.
The tables were always Laden with food and the guests ate and drank without restriction. By the way, Khrushchev was distinguished by moderation in food and alcohol. At the table you would have thought that the Secretary-General drinking along with everyone, but it was not so. For Nikita always put a special glass with thick walls and bottom, which included very little alcohol.
It was Leonid Brezhnev began a tradition of congratulations to the nation the head of state 5 minutes before midnight. Under Brezhnev has ceased to organize a Grand Kremlin receptions, as the Secretary General liked to celebrate this holiday at home with family and friends. Holiday preparation involved personally Leonid Ilyich’s wife Viktoria Petrovna. The woman checked the quality of food, table setting and supervised the decoration of the house.
Mandatory dishes on the table was a big cake and gefilte fish, and alcohol prefer “Bison” and champagne. Hosts and guests had fun unashamedly sang military and pop songs, danced and told jokes. But until morning in the house of Brezhnev linger was not accepted — guests usually go home in the middle of the night.
Yuri Andropov and Konstantin Chernenko began to lead the country as the sick people, so the short periods of their rule was not marked by any new year’s traditions. About feast with the participation of these leaders we know nothing.