Historically, the greatest damage to mankind carried from their own actions. No deadly epidemics, no natural disasters have brought so much death, how much the thirst for power and profit. We have chosen the most deadly for the human population events in the known history of the world.
Transatlantic trade. 15 million victims
The first black slaves crossed the Atlantic ocean in the middle of the XVI century. The heyday of the slave trade in the colonies of North and South America came at the end of XVII-XVIII and in the XIX century, this kind of inhuman business gradually disappeared.
The passengers of the slave ship
The need of the colonizers to the most cheap power for the settlements in the New world was huge. People on the continent were loaded into the holds of sailing ships as firewood, and in a way nobody cared about their health and nutrition. In case of problems, black slaves were thrown overboard along with the cargo, directly with shackles and chains. But even without such a force majeure in the transatlantic journey of 5 people survived 1-2.
The decline of the yuan dynasty. 30 million victims
The founder of the Chinese yuan dynasty in 1260 Khubilai, grandson of the great conqueror Genghis Khan. It was the shortest dynasty in the history of China — it ended in 1368, lasted little more than a century. The last few years of the reign of the descendants of Kublai were terrible — a bloody revolt, wars with neighbors, disease and famine.
The campaign of Kublai Khan to Japan. XIII century
Flowering once-province of China turned into a desert, inhabited only by wild beasts and daring robbers. With the coming to power of the Ming dynasty, the order gradually returned to the Empire, but by the time China’s population was short of 30 million people.
A, An Lushan’s Rebellion. Approximately 36 million dead
Another historic event that brought China a huge loss is the rebellion of an Lushan, Emperor military leader of the Tang dynasty. The commander led a revolt against the Emperor in 755, declaring himself the new monarch and founder of the dynasty Yang.
The rebellion managed to suppress only 8 years later, in 763 year. The number of victims in this ruthless massacre was so significant, even across the vast Empire that the Tang dynasty did not cope with the shock, and was soon followed by its sunset.
The Taiping rebellion. More than 40 million victims
And again ruthless to its citizens China. The revolution began in 1850 and led by Hong Xiuquan, who declared himself a descendant… Jesus Christ, lasted 14 years. Proclaimed the pretender heavenly state great prosperity (Taiping, tango) this is disastrous for millions of Chinese event.
Soldiers of the Taiping army
The beginning of the rebellion coincided with the economic crisis and the opium wars, so the violent deaths added millions of deaths from starvation and disease. Also, unfortunately for the inhabitants of the Empire, at this time, the country has witnessed a series of devastating natural disasters, made their contribution to the overall devastation.
The great famine in China. 43 million dead
Once again China, but this time enlightened and humane of the twentieth century. The so-called Great leap that occurred from 1958 to 1961, have been taken by the Communist party to extricate the country out of the underdeveloped agrarian countries into industrial powers.
Starving family in a rural area in the North of China
As we can see, everything turned out. But the breakthrough was worth the lives of the 43 million inhabitants of the country, as the government’s call for a while to “tighten the belt” in the name of bright ideas, coincided with three years of floods, crop failures and repression. Starving people died, whole villages, and to bury the dead there was no one.
The invasion of the Tatars. More than 60 million victims
One of the largest States in the history of mankind, was the Horde. In the heyday of the Mongol Empire under Genghis Khan, it took 16% of the earth’s land area! To hold more than 200 years in the subordination of whole peoples, the Mongols had to act with the maximum of cruelty and cynicism.
Fortunately, the invasion was stopped at the outskirts of densely populated Central Europe. If the army of the Mongol-Tatars were able to move on, the losses could be two times more.
The first World war. 65 million victims
As already happened more than once, the reason for war were the Imperial ambitions of States, which were crowded in the small Europe. Split into formidable alliances, they clashed among themselves, gradually plunging into war almost the entire planet.
Wounded British soldiers await transportation to the rear. Western front
In the history of mankind was the war longer, but such a large-scale conflict the planet has ever known. The terrible novelty of this war were poison gas, on account of which hundreds of thousands of dead and maimed.
The second World war. More than 72 million deaths
After a relatively short break, the world was shocked by a new military disaster reasons as last time, was cutting the European “pie”. Starting in 1939, the war broke the world into two camps: the Axis and the anti-Hitler coalition.
Fighting in Africa
In this war, were the most lethal tools and technologies, and on a large scale, which is only automatic weapons. In addition to this military conflict which became the bloodiest in human history, killed many civilians because of the Holocaust and other genocides, and mass strategic bombing.
Colonization of America by Europeans. More than 75 million dead
No war in the history of mankind has brought so much death, as the European colonization of the New world. As a result of “development” of the overseas territories, was nearly devastated on two continents. The Spaniards, who found in the XV century a Paradise on earth, was disappointed that he turned out to be densely populated.
The Spaniards against the Aztecs
But Hidalgo was not accustomed to yield to difficulties and began to free the land from sagisaka them aboriginal. The result fell entire civilizations, which consisted of a thousand-year history and had a fairly high level of development. Later in the colonization involved the British, French, Portuguese, and Indians of the Americas just had no place in their native land. We finished the job of the disease and alcohol, generously “donated” to overseas guests.