Russia

Fabulous winter Nizhniy Novgorod

“Nizhny Novgorod is located 400 km East of Moscow at the confluence of the rivers Oka and Volga. Oka divides the city into two parts — sermon on “the Upper” and lower “Bottom”. The city is the fifth biggest population in the Russian Federation (more than 1.2 million people) and is the center of the Volga Federal district. The history of Nizhny Novgorod has more than 800 years. During this time on its territory accumulated a lot of historical and cultural attractions that have shaped our modern image of the city,” says Slava Stepanov.

1. Nizhny Novgorod was founded in 1221 by Grand Prince Yuri Vsevolodovich, a grandson of the founder of Moscow Prince Yuri Dolgoruky and grandson of the Kievan Prince Vladimir Monomakh. Since the reign of Alexander III Nizhny Novgorod became the center of Russian merchants.

2. With the discovery in 1822 of the Nizhny Novgorod fair Nizhny Novgorod became the main city of national and international trade. In 1929, the Fair was closed, and the city’s economy began to develop in a completely different direction.

3. Since 1932, the city bore the name of the writer Maxim Gorky. The Soviet city of Gorky became one of the largest industrial centers of Russia, the leading role which belonged to the enterprises of machine building, Metalworking and information technology. At the same time was built the first giant Gorky automobile plant. October 22, 1990 the city was returned its historical name.

4. Pozharsky and Minin square, the Central square of the city.

5. Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin — the main attraction of the Lower.

6. Originally, since the founding in 1221, protective fortifications of the city were built of wood and earth and was made up of deep trenches and high ramparts. The stone Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin was in 1515, when there was a need to strengthen the defense of the city, the main reference point of the Moscow state against the Kazan khanate.

7. The new Kremlin was surrounded by two-kilometer wall with 13 towers. In the XVI century, the fortress was repeatedly besieged by the enemy, but the enemy has never been able to master it.

8. The Dmitrievsky tower, main tower and the main gate of the Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin. Is an unofficial symbol of Nizhny Novgorod.

9. The taynitskaya tower and the Kremlin Boulevard.

10.

11. Mikhaylo-Arkhangelsky Cathedral.

The hip architecture monument of XVII century on the territory of Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin. Was founded simultaneously with the Foundation of Nizhny Novgorod in 1221. Then the Church was made of wood. But already in 1227, the Church was rebuilt in stone. The present building was built in the years 1628-1631 In the Cathedral is the tomb of Kuzma Minin.

12. Zelensky Congress.

13. Nizhny Novgorod regional Association of organizations of trade unions (Oblsovprof).

The building was built in 1904. It housed the City Duma of Nizhny Novgorod. Since the end of 1919, and today the house is owned by trade Union organizations. At first it was provincial, then regional, then the regional Council of trade unions.

14. “Pokrovka” (Bolshaya Pokrovskaya street) is a pedestrian street in the historical part of the city. Tourists often call it the Nizhegorodsky Arbat.

15. Bolshaya Pokrovskaya is one of the oldest streets in Nizhny Novgorod and until 1917 was considered noble. The name Bolshaya Pokrovskaya street was for once standing on it the Church of the intercession. In the Soviet years it was Sverdlov who was born here.

16. Chkalov staircase.

Connects Minin and Pozharsky square with the Volga river embankment. The ladder starts from the viewing platform at the monument to Chkalov (hence the name). Initially, the staircase was called Stalingrad, as it was laid in honor of the victory in the battle of Stalingrad in 1943 and was built at the German prisoners.

17. Verkhnevolzhskaya embankment.

18. Area Of National Unity.

The square is a monument to Minin and Pozharsky is an exact copy of the monument erected in Moscow in front of St. Basil’s Cathedral.

19. From the Soviet period up to 2005, the area was called the Brace, due to the nearby house as staples.

20. Church of the Kazan icon of the Mother of God.

21. Zelensky Congress.

22. Christmas street is a unique Museum under the open sky, here, stone house, the oldest of which begins in the middle of the XVIII century.

23. Officially there are 35 architectural monuments.

24. Stroganov Church.

25. Pedestrian viaduct over the ravine Sergius.

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27. Pedestrian bridge over the Uspensky ravine.

28. River station.

The city is one of the largest centers of river tourism in Russia. The port receives ships on the routes Saint Petersburg — Moscow — Nizhny Novgorod — Astrakhan.

29. The length of the city along the Oka — 20 km, along the Volga river — about 30 km.

Only in Nizhny Novgorod was built 6 bridges across the Oka river. Of these, 4 bridges connect the upper and lower parts of the city.

30. Kanavinsky bridge.

The first permanent city bridges across the Oka river.

31. Traffic on the bridge was opened in 1933.

32. The Alexander Nevsky Cathedral Novoarbatsky.

Cathedral ranks third in height among the churches of Russia after the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow and St. Isaac’s Cathedral in St. Petersburg.

33. In July 1881 the Church was solemnly consecrated in the presence of Emperor Alexander III. In the post-revolutionary period the Church was closed. During the great Patriotic war on the Central drum of the Cathedral was installed anti-aircraft battery defending the skies over Nizhny Novgorod from enemy bombing. Later in the building of the Cathedral was a fire that destroyed the old paintings on the ceilings and walls. In 1983 began the restoration of the Cathedral, and after 9 years the Church was returned to the diocese.

34. Nizhny Novgorod fair.

The fair has nearly five centuries of history. In the XIX century the fair became “ustavshiy all Russian trade” — the West met the East. It was the largest fair in Russia (1817-1917, 1921-1929).

35. Now Nizhny Novgorod fair is one of the largest exhibition complexes in Russia. Every year more than 60 exhibitions become a platform for presentations of innovative projects and new scientific developments.

36.

37. Nizhny Novgorod metro bridge.

Combined bridge across the Oka river within the boundaries of Nizhny Novgorod Kanavinsky between Molitovskiy and bridges in the alignment of streets, the Station and Chernihiv.

38. In the upper tier of the bridge is a highway with two lanes in both directions, in the lower paved the way for trains Nizhny Novgorod metro stage “Moscow” — “Gorkovskaya”.

39. The length of the bridge is about 1.3 km away.

40. Interchange at the station.

41. Commissioning is fully implemented on 4 November 2012, simultaneously with the opening of a stage “Moscow” — “Gorkovskaya”.

42. The Revolution Square.

43. Here are several large shopping malls, including Central Department store (TSUM). In the early 90-ies of the square appeared first Nizhny Novgorod “McDonald’s”, which were lines from the exit of the subway.

44. Moskovsky train station.

45. Each year, the station serves about 7 million passengers.

46. Between Nizhny Novgorod and Moscow run high-speed trains “Sapsan” and “Lastochka” with a total travel time one way approximately 4 hours.

47. It is expected that by 2018, the station will be completely renovated.

48. The hotel “Marins Park Hotel” on Lenin square.

49. Molitovskiy bridge.

50. Church of the Saviour.

51. Pokhvalski Congress.

52. The Church of the Sign mother of God and the Holy Myrrhbearers.

53.

54. Annunciation monastery — the oldest monastery, founded in the early XIII century.

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56. Alekseevskaya Church.

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58. Sovetskaya Street.

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Source: Jjournal/gelio
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