Have you ever flown over new York? Would you like to? We invite you in a fascinating virtual helicopter flight over the Big Apple.
1. New York is often called the capital of the world: a “city for everyone”, which incorporates the features of different cultures, which is reflected in its appearance. The main feature of modern new York is definitely skyscrapers. There are more than 500 buildings taller than 100 meters. By this measure, new York is second only to Hong Kong. Most people have to get acquainted with new York, lifting his head up. But to fully appreciate the beauty of this city, it is necessary to look not from below but from above.
The population of new York is more than 8.4 million people. The most densely populated area of the city (Manhattan) is located on the island with a length of 21 km. In 1626 Manhattan was purchased by Dutch Explorer Peter Minuit. the tribe of Indians for $ 24. Now the island is about 50 billion dollars.
During the first 200 years new York city has followed Europe in architectural styles. Now, in Manhattan, there are no surviving buildings of the Dutch colonial period. Most perished in the great fire of 1776 or were demolished in the early nineteenth century during the XVIII and XIX centuries the basic architectural direction was monitored by European trends. But with the emergence of cast iron and with the advent of art Deco skyscrapers of new York architecture went their own way.
The history of skyscrapers in new York began with the construction of a building new York world building in 1890 (demolished in 1955). It was the first building surpassed the height of an 85-meter Trinity Church. 1890 11 skyscrapers of the city bore the title of the tallest building in the world. New York was a very early boom in high-rise construction, the first wave which began in 1910 and lasted until the beginning of the 1930-ies. The second wave of high-rise construction began in 1960-ies and has continued to the present.
One of the most famous sculptures in the USA and in the world, often referred to as a symbol of new York and the United States, a symbol of freedom and democracy, “Lady Liberty”. It is a gift of French citizens to the centenary of the American revolution in 1886. The statue is located on the same island, three kilometers from Manhattan.
Height from ground to tip of torch — 93 meters, including base and pedestal. The height of the statue from the top of the pedestal to the torch is 46 meters.
Located in the Bay of new York, was the largest item of reception of immigrants in the United States. From 1892 to 1954, through it passed the 12 million people. Approximately every second American now has in his genealogical tree at least one person who got into the US through this island.
Battery Park (Battery Park) is one of the oldest recreational areas in new York. From here ferries to the island of Ellis island and the statue of Liberty. The name of the Park comes from being here in the seventeenth century Dutch gun battery guarding the approaches from the ocean to the city. Since then, the coastline has changed as a result of excavation works went further out to sea. After the destruction of the World Trade Center skyscrapers September 11, 2001 were brought here wreckage of buildings, which increased the area of the Park on 2 acres.
One of the oldest suspension bridges, its length is 1825 meters, it crosses the East river and connects Brooklyn with Manhattan. At the time of its completion in 1883, it was the largest suspension bridge in the world.
Double-deck bridge was built in 1909. The upper tier is the roadway for passenger transport. On the lower level routes new York subway. By the way, in new York, the largest metro in the world. It consists of 468 stations and carries about 8 million people a day.
There are tens of thousands of jobs, a significant portion of which represented the largest stock exchanges and banks. The district has the highest population density in the daytime it reaches 378 000 persons/km.
Considered the historical center of the Financial district of the city. The main attraction of the street — new York stock exchange. In a figurative sense, so called as the exchange itself and the entire U.S. stock market as a whole.
A 30-storey skyscraper with a height of 119 m from the time of its completion in 1899 was the tallest building in the world for nine years. In the construction of the building was used all steel bearing skeleton, the invention of the Chicago school high-rise construction. It is noteworthy that the Park row has only one decorated facade, facing City Hall Park. Other walls of the building are decorated plain brickwork.
Skyscraper in the Gothic revival style, built in 1910-1913 as headquarters of the retail chain Woolworth Company, was the tallest building in the world 17 years. 100 years after the construction, it still ranks in the top 50 highest skyscrapers USA — its height is 241 meters (57 floors). The Woolworth building was designed by architect Cass Gilbert. The construction cost of 13.5 million dollars, and Woolworth paid this amount in cash.
In 1898, after the merger of Five Cities, new York suffered from a lack of places for the government. In 1909 it was decided to begin construction of the Manhattan Municipal building, which was supposed to solve this problem. Three years later, 177-meter 40-storey building was completed and became the first skyscraper, which was located underground. The building served as a prototype for the Stalinist skyscrapers in Moscow (especially evident in MSU and in high-rise on Kotelniki).
Since the nineteenth century there are various protests and demonstrations, including rallies for the return of the Dalai Lama to China, for the liberation of Mikhail Khodorkovsky and for the creation of an independent Palestinian state.
From 1876 to 1882 the Park was a huge hand of the statue of Liberty holding a torch — so the townspeople asked to collect money to build the pedestal for the statue. In 1912 there were lit illumination on the first in new York city public Christmas tree. The Park is a monument to William Henry Seward. As US Secretary of state, Seward did everything to transaction for the purchase of Alaska from Russia took place. He said that only the next generation will understand the importance of this acquisition. And so it was, when Alaska found the gold, copper and oil.
One of the most unusual skyscrapers in new York. The construction of the 82-meter building was completed in 1902. The name Flatiron, translated as “iron”, the building has received due to its triangular shape, really reminiscent of iron.
One of the most beautiful “Gothic” skyscrapers of new York. The 50-storey tower built in 1909 in the image of the Campanile of St. Mark’s Cathedral in Venice. Each side of the building is decorated with 8-meter clock with 500-kilogram minute hands.
Behind the tower is the Metropolitan life North building (Metropolitan Life North Building). This massive building is designed in the 20-ies of the last century as a 100-storey skyscraper. If the project was implemented in its original form, at some period this building would be the tallest in the world. However, with the stock market crash landslide falling shares in 1929 and the subsequent period of the great depression was not allowed to carry out this plan — skyscraper construction was suspended in 1933, at 29 floors.
Once here was located the cemetery for slaves and victims of yellow fever. Deep beneath the Park lies about 20 thousand people to this day. Now, however, this Park is a popular holiday destination. In 1889 in honor of the centenary of the inauguration of the first President of the USA George Washington in the Park erected a memorial arch of wood and plaster, and already in 1892 the arch built of marble. From the Park starts at Fifth Avenue — the Central Avenue of Manhattan, separating the street on the West and East side.
The most famous skyscraper in new York. From 1931 to 1970 the Empire state building was the tallest building in the world. This is the first building in the world, with more than 100 floors. Its height of 381 meters, and with a TV antenna, built in 50 years, it reaches a height of 443 meters.
Construction began in March 1930. Earlier on, which was reserved for the Empire state building was the hotel Waldorf-Astoria (Waldorf Astoria). In November 1929 the hotel building was demolished and the site took more than 16 thousand trucks of debris. The Foundation of the future skyscraper laid in less than a month, and in April 1930, work began on the construction of the steel frame of the building. Every week the Empire state building became an average of 4 floors above, and one of the peak moments of the construction was higher by as much as 14 and a half floors in just 10 days! The official opening took place on may 1, 1931, when US President Herbert Hoover turned on the building’s lights by pushing a button in Washington.
In 1964 the tower was installed a system of flood lighting to illuminate the tip in the colors corresponding to any events, memorable dates or holidays. Since then, the illuminated building becomes a unique spectacle: every day of the week has its own color, and during the holidays and important dates skyscraper illuminated by special color combinations.
It is worth noting that for all time of operation of the buildings here were more than 30 suicides. In 1947, around the observation site was erected the fence, because just three weeks here was made 5 suicide attempts. In 1979, miss Elvita Adams decided to commit suicide and jumped from the 86th floor. But a strong wind threw miss Adams on the 85th floor, and she escaped with only a broken hip.
One of the largest libraries in the world. In total funds of libraries contain more than 50 million items (books, videos, maps, etc.), of which over 20 million are books.
The skyscraper was built in 1924. Then, to give the impression facade, brick exterior walls before laying dipped in manganese to those darkened. Now the building is the Bryant Park hotel.
It is the third tallest building in new York after the Empire state building and the Freedom Tower and the fifth tallest in the United States — 366 meters.
Until 1981 the building was located the office of the airline Pan American World Airways. Since 1981 the building was bought by Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, and changed its name. Underneath the building platform of the Central station in new York (Grand Central Terminal). The number of platforms (44) and means (67) exceeds that of any other station in the world.
One of the most famous and recognizable skyscrapers in new York. The unusual appearance of this 77-storey building, and the history of its construction.
At the last moment the architect William van Allen agreed with the city authorities the location of the rooftop of the 38-meter steel spire and kept this fact a secret until the end of construction and beginning of installation of the spire on the roof of a skyscraper. The visible part of the spire the Chrysler building was installed in just 90 minutes. William van Allen won thus the title of architect of the tallest building in the world, but held it for only 11 months — until may 1, 1931, when the construction of the Empire state building.
In 2007, the Commission for architecture new York has identified a skyscraper “Chrysler” “the Most beautiful skyscraper in Manhattan.”
One of the most popular and often visited places in new York. The square got its name in April 1904 after the newspaper “new York times” moved its headquarters to the eve of the building constructed Times Building, which is now called One Times Square and is the site of the annual ball drop on New year’s.
Venue of international competitions in several sports and the home arena for NHL teams and the NBA. The capacity of the arena varies depending on the type of event: from 18,200 seats for hockey games to 20 000 seats at the concerts. Under the stadium is Penn station (Pennsylvania Station), commonly Penn station (Penn Station) — one of the busiest train stations in the world.
During the 1940s and 1950s, the hotel was one of the most fashionable. Many notable personalities such as Spencer Tracy, Joan Crawford and Fidel Castro stayed here. Inventor Nikola Tesla spent the last ten years of his life in seclusion in Suite 3327, where he died, mainly devoting his time to feeding pigeons and from time to time meeting with celebrities.
Large office center, which was built in 1930-e years on money of the Rockefeller family. Was named in honor of John Davison Rockefeller, Jr. 14 the most famous high-rise buildings decorated in the art Deco style. Here are the headquarters of various corporations and the largest yield of the auction house “Christie”. In 1989, Rockefeller center was bought from the Rockefellers, the Japanese Mitsubishi group of companies.
70-storey skyscraper, located in the heart of the complex, formerly known as the RCA Building, but is commonly known as 30 Rock. The building houses the headquarters of NBC, where they filmed many TV shows and transfer. For tourists there are tours that allow you to go backstage of the most famous TV shows and TV series NBC.
An interesting feature is right under the building there is a small Lutheran Church. Out of respect for the Cathedral and its parishioners architects demolished it, and went on a wonderful step — a building built on a large stand, as on the legs. Turned out to be quite a kind of community: a small Cathedral, and above it, on high poles — a giant skyscraper. It is noteworthy that the supports are not in the corners and in the middle of each side of the building. In 2002, one of the columns was reinforced resistant shields of steel and copper to protect the building in connection with the possibility of a terrorist attack.
The color and shape of this 34-storey residential tower is so like the lipstick that he was immediately nicknamed the Lipstick Building — House lipstick.
The original hotel under this name was opened in the late XIX century and demolished in 1929, and in its place was built the Empire state building. The construction of a modern building, the Waldorf-Astoria with a height of 47 floors and with a capacity of more than 1.4 thousand rooms, was completed in 1931. Stayed at the hotel Marilyn Monroe and Ella Fitzgerald, here was filmed the movie “Scent of a woman” for the main role in which al Pacino received the “Oscar” in 1993.
Constructed the tallest residential skyscraper in the world (not yet completed construction of a 117-storey World One in Mumbai (India)). The building has 96 stories, 426 meters, it will be located 104 apartments cost from 7 to 95 million dollars.
The area is located at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and 53rd street. On the right the photo shows the building of a five star hotel “Plaza” (Plaza Hotel). The hotel was involved in the filming of various films, such as “home Alone 2: Lost in new York”. In February 1964, at the Plaza stayed group the Beatles during their first visit to new York.
The area from the South-West corner of Central Park, at the intersection of Broadway and Eighth Avenue. In the centre of the square stands the Columbus monument. This monument was erected in 1892 in celebration of the 400th anniversary of the discovery of America. For new York it is a kind of zero kilometer.
The length of the Park is about 4 km, width — about 800 meters, the total area of 3.41 sq km For comparison, this is almost two times the area of the state of Monaco.
The Park is visited by approximately 25 million people a year, making it the most visited Park in the United States.
Despite the fact that the Park looks very natural, almost all landscapes are created manually. Central Park has several artificial lakes, a large number of avenues, two ice rink, the corners of pristine wilderness and lawn used for sports and playgrounds and a zoo.
Built in 1880-1884 years, this building started out as a residential house “premium”. The greatest fame acquired, when on December 8, 1980 in the arch of the house fan mark Chapman shot immigrated to the US cult English musician John Lennon. Now, to buy an apartment in the “Dakota”, you need to enlist the support of the residents ‘ Committee, which not long ago was denied Antonio Banderas and Melanie Griffith, who hoped to buy apartments here.
In this house at different times lived many celebrities — Steven Spielberg, tiger woods, Dustin Hoffman, Bruce Willis and demi Moore. From 1982 to 2003 in the North tower of the building was owned foreclosures Steve jobs, who later sold them to Bono — soloist U2 — for $ 15 million.
Two-level cantilever bridge built in 1909 across the East river. On the upper floor two pedestrian passage, bike path and two ways of railway. The lower level has four lanes of traffic. Near the bridge is the Roosevelt Island Tramway — cableway stretched over the East river connecting Roosevelt island and Manhattan.
The United Nations (UN) is an international organization of States created for the purpose of maintaining and strengthening peace, security and development of cooperation between the two countries. The UN currently has 193 States (including the Russian Federation).
The American aircraft carrier “Essex” during the Second world war. The name of the aircraft carrier is translated into Russian as “fearless”. The ship is moored to pier 86 in new York and since 1982 is a naval and aerospace Museum, which is visited by thousands of tourists a year.
“Titanic” on its maiden voyage in 1912 had come to the pier 59 (rightmost). The evening of 18 April 1912, this pier approached the “Carpathia” with the rescued passengers of “Titanic” and unloaded lifeboats, picked up in the ocean. And then she moored to its 54 the pier to let people ashore.
One of the world’s largest suspension bridges, connecting the new York boroughs of Brooklyn and Staten island. The length of the Central span of the bridge is 1.3 km away. the Bridge was built in 1964 and is named after the Italian Explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano, the first European entered the Bay of new York and the Hudson river.