Still medieval architects were geniuses — they built castles, luxury facilities that was also extremely practical. Castles, unlike modern houses, not only demonstrated the wealth of its owners, but also served as a powerful fortress that could hold the defense for several years, and while life didn’t stop.
Even the fact that many of the castles, having survived wars, natural disasters, and carelessness of the owners, still stand intact, suggests that the safer homes not yet invented. And they are insanely beautiful and appeared in our world from the pages of fairy tales and legends. Their high spires reminiscent of the days when the hearts of beautiful women fought, and the air was impregnated with the chivalry and bravery.
So you are imbued with a romantic mood, we collected the material 20 of the most famous castles that still remained on earth. They will want to visit and perhaps to stay and live.
Millennial castle was originally the residence of the king of Germany Conrad III, and then king of France Louis XIV. The fortress was burned by the French in 1689, and be forgotten, but the German businessman bought her remains in 1868 and spent most of his wealth to the restoration of the castle.
Impregnable castle of Mont-Saint-Michel, on all sides surrounded by the sea, is one of the most popular attractions in France after Paris. Built in 709, he still looks stunning.
The medieval hochosterwitz castle was built in the IX century. Its towers and now vigilantly watching the surrounding area, proudly towering over her at an altitude of 160 m. in Sunny weather they can be admired even at a distance of 30 km.
The castle is situated on a hundred-meter cliff threateningly overhanging the lake bled. In addition to the luxurious view from the Windows of the castle, this place has rich history — here was the residence of the Serbian Royal dynasty, and later Marshal Josip Broz Tito.
This castle is located on top of mount Hohenzollern height of 2800 meters above sea level. In its heyday the castle in this fortress has been the residence of the Prussian emperors.
Castle Barsiene in the Spanish province of Toledo was built in the XV century local graph. Within 100 years the castle served as a powerful artillery fortress, and today these empty walls attract except that photographers and tourists.
Romantic castle of the Bavarian king Ludwig II built in the mid-nineteenth century, and at that time its architecture was considered very extravagant. Whatever it was, it was his wall inspired the creators of Sleeping beauty’s castle at Disneyland.
The Venetian castle of Methoni from the XIV century was the center of battles and the last one in these parts Outpost of Europeans in the battles against the Turks that dreamed capture Peloponnese. Today, the fortress remained only ruins.
This castle-fortress was built by the knights of Schwangau in the XII century and was the residence of many rulers, including the famous king Ludwig II, who took in these walls of the composer Richard Wagner.
This medieval Louvre with bird’s-eye resembles a warship. Rich history and distinctive appearance of the castle served as the inspiration for many famous writers. In the XVI century the castle was used as a state prison, the George Byron wrote in his poem “prisoner of Chillon”.
The castle located on a rocky island in the fjord Loch Duyh, is one of the most romantic castles of Scotland, is famous for its Heather honey and legends. This is where they filmed a lot of movies, but most importantly — the castle is open to visitors and anyone can touch the stones of its history.
Since its founding in the XIV century Bodiam castle has experienced many owners, each of whom liked to fight. So when in 1917 it was purchased by Lord Curzon, from the castle remained only ruins. Fortunately, its walls are quickly restored, and now the castle is as good as new.
Castle from the XI century is located on top of an impregnable mountain of Monte Titano, and together with the other two towers defends the oldest state in the world San Marino.
Initially, the cliff of Cape AI-Todor was a small wooden house. And its present form “swallow’s nest” has received thanks to the oil industrialist Baron Steinheil, who loved to rest in the Crimea. He decided to build a romantic castle, which resembles medieval buildings on the banks of the river Rhine.
Castle Stalker, which translated means “eagle hunter”, was built in 1320 and belonged to the in … … the MacDougall clan. Since that time its walls have undergone a huge amount of strife and wars that affected the state of the castle. In 1965, the owner of the castle became Colonel Dr Stewart of Allward, who own together with his wife, family members and friends restored the building.
Bran castle — the pearl of Transylvania, a mysterious Museum Fort where was born the famous legend of count Dracula — a vampire killer and voivode Vlad Tepes. According to legend, he spent the night here during periods of his campaigns, and the forest surrounding the bran castle was a favorite hunting ground of the Impaler.
Vyborg castle was founded by the Swedes in 1293, during one of the Crusades on the Karelian land. He remained Scandinavian until 1710, when the troops of Peter I threw the Swedes away for a long time. Since that time the castle was visited, and warehouses and barracks, and even prison for the Decembrists. But nowadays it is a Museum.
Cashel castle was the residence of the kings of Ireland several hundred years before the Norman invasion. Here in the V century BC. e. lived and preached Saint Patrick. The walls of the castle witnessed the bloody suppression of the revolution forces of Oliver Cromwell, which is burned alive by soldiers. Since then, the castle has become a symbol of the cruelty of the British, of the courage and fortitude of the Irish.
Very beautiful and even a bit eerie ruins of Kilchurn castle situated on the shores of scenic lake Ave. The history of this castle, unlike most castles in Scotland, proceeded quietly enough — there lived many graphs, which succeeded each other. In 1769, the building suffered damage from a lightning strike and was soon completely abandoned, and what remains to this day.
Built in the XII century, the castle was destroyed several times. It was finally restored in 1884 and since the castle became the filming location for many films, including for the film “the Three Musketeers”.