He may have been a Founding Father, but John Adams could be every bit as petty as President Trump.
Like Trump, Adams was turned out of the presidency after serving a single term; voters in the 1800 election instead selected his archrival, Thomas Jefferson. Adams skipped Jefferson’s inauguration, and his Federalist Party allies rammed a series of last-minute judicial appointments through the Senate. Jefferson was understandably unhappy with the situation, and upon taking office ordered Secretary of State James Madison not to deliver the commissions that would allow some of the new “midnight judges” to take office. One of those appointees, William Marbury, brought a lawsuit.