DIY

Stabilizer for 230 volts

230 Volt network stabilizer The described product would probably not be worth calling a stabilizer, but it provides an expansion of the permissible input voltage level by ± 20% while maintaining the output voltage within the tolerance. To simplify manufacturing, ready-made transformers without rewinding are used, the total power is 0.6 kVA. This product was needed to maintain an acceptable level of mains voltage on the farm, which I described in the publication « Autonomous power supply system .
Power outages have stopped (almost), but the quality is no good. The anzapfer on the TP transformer is apparently in the position of the maximum output voltage, therefore, with a minimum consumption, at night and during the day, the voltage in the network reaches almost 300 volts, but in the evening, at the peak of loads, it drops almost to 170V. If the switching power supplies can somehow tolerate this, then the poor refrigerator naturally crawls around the kitchen at night. And besides, give him only a sinusoid … Customer, the same HB from the specified publication, offered to help him try to fix the situation by using transformers included in an autotransformer circuit. Here are examples of such schemes.
Stabilizer for 230 volt network With the appropriate connection (beginning to the beginning or beginning to the end) of the secondary winding, the voltage on which is 11% of the voltage on the primary (220/24 V transformer), we get an adjustment of ± 10% of the input at the output. Here are more options for inclusion.
Stabilizer for 230 volts Naturally, these circuits can be used like this: in the latter, by applying an increased voltage of about 260 V to the input, the output will be close to 230 V, i.e. par. To expand the adjustment range to ± 20%, we use two 220/24 V transformers, and we connect the primary in parallel, and the secondary in series.
 230 volt network stabilizer
Speaking of transformers, 2 pieces. Brand OSD-0.3UHL4.2, from a “slider” (projector), 0.3 kVA, worked on a halogen lamp 24 * 250 W plus mechanics. It was possible to use more powerful ones, but they have more of their own consumption, currents of XX – idle.
230 volt network stabilizer We analyze the previous scheme, bring the transformation ratios into a table.
230 Volt network stabilizer Some of the positions are duplicated, so we abandon the 2nd position of SW1. This means that SW1 will be two-position, and SW2 will be three-position, only 6 combinations, two of them – directly, also repeat.
230 volt network stabilizer Working diagram will look something like this.
230 volt network stabilizer Although for operation, most likely, it would be more convenient two-board switch.
230 Volt network stabilizer What are the possibilities of the resulting scheme? Vertical – output voltage, nominal 230 V and allowable deviation of ± 20% and ± 10%.
Stabilizer of 230 volt network The result is as follows – the output voltage will not go beyond the tolerance of ± 20% (207 … 253 V) when applied to the input 170 … 313 V. In the middle of this range, the deviation is generally no more than ± 10%. Do we need it? If you put together just such a scheme …
230 volt network stabilizer That's the graph her work will look like this.
230 volt network stabilizer The limiting parameters are the same, but only two switching points. For the previous version, approximately the same control scheme was planned, see figure.
 230 volt network stabilizer For the second option, the ALL scheme looks like this.
230 volt network stabilizer Here are zener diodes of the eight-hundredth series with a total voltage of about 150 V, relays RP21-M, comparators K521SA3A, transistors KT817G.
drawn from memory. Power is supplied from one of the additional transformer windings according to the standard scheme.
The reason for abandoning contactless thyristor switching is the cumbersomeness of its circuit. For comparison, a diagram is shown on the TS-106-10.
230 Volt network stabilizer Instead of 4 keys, each of which contains almost a dozen parts, there are only 2 relays. And now about the hardware.
230 volt network stabilizer Fully equipped – housing , transformers, voltmeter, all the little things …
 230 volt network stabilizer The transformers are large – made soundly, with the quality mark.
230 volt network stabilizer
Approximate placement of transformers in the case – at the stage of assembly.
230 volt network stabilizer Terminals at the bottom left – conclusions from one of the additional windings, suddenly come in handy, and the hole must be closed …
 230 volt network stabilizer Preliminary tests … Electronic circuit mounted on a prototype board, to avoid criticism the photo is not shown.
 230 volt network stabilizer And now it's time for him to go to his workplace, in the electrical cabinet. Everyone, comment!

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