Missiles “Harpoon” for Ukraine and closing of ports to ships from Russia: in the United States announced new sanctions

It is possible that in military aid that Washington is ready to provide Ukraine with cruise missiles “Harpoon”, and within two to three months to enter against Russia new sanctions.

This opinion was voiced by John Herbst, Director of the Atlantic Council, the resource LIGAnews. Among the sanctions, there may be restrictions against one of Russia’s largest banks, as well as the prohibition of ships from Russia to stay at American ports.

Herbst said that in Congress, many politicians are ready, not in words but in deeds to support Kiev. It is not excluded that, in addition to missiles, “Harpoon”, Washington will allocate more modern.

We will remind, in December 2018 because of the situation in the Kerch Strait, the U.S. imposed additional sanctions against 18 individuals and four information resources. However, some congressmen have stated that this is not the limit and Moscow is to prepare for the “worst” in 2019.

LIGAnews previously reported that deputies of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine commented on the hit to the sanctions list Russia.

Anti-ship missile “Harpoon” is made in four main versions:

  • RGМ-84 for surface ships;
  • UGM-84 for submarine;
  • AGM-84 aircraft;
  • RGM-84 for coastal defense.

Each of them has several models and modifications. Model RGM-84A is a basic. For various foreign publications is characterized by its own ways to refer to models and modifications missiles “Harpoon”. For example, equitable to apply the following options: RGM-84C1 or RGM-84 block 1C, RGM-1 and block’s 84c RGM’s 84c mod.1.

Rocket “Harpoon” is built by the normal aerodynamic scheme, has a modular design and unified body, folding cruciform wing and four wheel. The trapezoidal wing with a large sweep on the leading edge, its folding console attached to the hull of the fuel tank.

The start of RCC “Harpoon”, the operator can carry out bearing and range of either only the bearing of the target (if the range is unknown). In the first case, enabling the missile seeker is made at the time designated by the operator before start-up, in the vicinity of the target, which reduces the probability of detection of RCC and time for a possible obstruction, In this case, the search can be small, medium or large sector scan radar seeker First applies when firing at group targets at short range, but in this case, with increasing distance the effectiveness of the GOS is reduced. When shooting at the maximum range of a large scanning sector. To increase the effectiveness of shooting when finding the target can have several modes of scanning, starting from the small sector. If the target is not detected, then the system switches to a larger sector scan, and so the seeker works to the point until there is discovery and target acquisition. The GOS has no selective properties, so RCC is striking in the first locked target.

When shooting, bearing the GOS is switched on at a set distance so as not to hit any other ship. When the attack team goals, provides multi-temporal inclusion of different homing missiles, allowing you to avoid some ships and attack others. Part of the guidance system there is an indicator moving target, which makes it unlikely to hover on a cloud of passive interference.
After performing the starting slides the rocket is reduced to a height of 15 m above sea level, and further performs cruise flight. The first missile modifications (RGM-84A and others) at the approach to the target made the hill, capture the target and swooped down on it at an angle of approximately 30°. RCC subsequent modifications of such a maneuver is not performed, because it is not incorporated in the flight program, and attack the target, decreasing to ultra-low height (2-5 m).

Firing missiles “Harpoon” can be carried out with various launchers. For surface ships and boats have created special lightweight PU container type Мк141 (see photo). It is an aluminum frame on which at an angle of 35° and can accommodate up to four transport-launch containers made of fiberglass, designed for 15 starts. The containers are sealed, they are kept at a stable temperature. When stored under these missiles do not require additional maintenance and are always ready for combat use.

The missile “Harpoon” can be done Мк112 launchers (“Asroc”), Мк11 and 13 (“Tartar”). At start-up of the torpedo tube of the SUBMARINE the rocket is placed in a hermetically sealed capsule of glass fiber and aluminum alloy. In its tail is placed a vertical fin and two folding stabilizer to the movement of the underwater area at an angle of about 45° to the surface. After surfacing due to positive buoyancy nose cone and tail cone are shot, and produced by launch launch rocket engine. Ashm with PL may be performed with a depth of about 60 m in any sea state. Typical download us SUBMARINES, up to six missiles “Harpoon”, although their number may vary depending on the nature of the task being performed. They apply different systems of control missile shooting (usually Мк117, on some boats Мк113 mod. 10).

The aviation version of the missile “Harpoon”

Aircraft variant missiles “Harpoon” is compatible with the majority of NATO combat aircraft. Start can be performed at different speeds and altitudes. After separation from the carrier provides stabilization of the missile in roll and pitch. It is reduced with a dive angle of about 33° until then, until he received a signal from the radar altimeter on the achievement of specified height. Then automatically launched boosters. With the launch of rockets with aircraft P-3 Orion and S-3 “Viking” flying at low altitudes at low speeds, launching the main engine of RCC “Harpoon” is still on the pylon. The aircraft used a special launcher: AER065A1 (P-3 “Orion”), MAU-9A/1 (S-3 “Viking” and A-7E “Corsair-2”), AERO-7А1 (A-6E “Intruder”) and others.

Option coastal anti-ship missile complex “Harpoon” is placed on four trucks. Two are light PU container type, and the other two spare containers with missiles and control devices. For mobile launchers can be used in a variety of cars that simplifies the acquisition of SCRC batteries. At the same time allowed a wide variation of equipment for communication, control, detection, reconnaissance and targeting.
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