1. A little about the prototype.
The boat disappeared at the height of the First World War, on May 10, 1916, while in a combat position in the Alan Sea off the coast of Sweden. She was there to intercept Swedish ships with iron ore for Germany.
For almost a hundred years, nothing was known about her. There are two versions of the death of the submarine. The first – the boat itself crashed into a steamer stopped for inspection, performing a approach maneuver. The second – in my opinion, more likely, the boat was simply not allowed to surface to inspect the steamer. She was just rammed. Now no one will tell how it really was. But one thing is clear – the crew of the submarine honestly fulfilled their duty and died on patrol. This is a tragedy – the death of a warship in wartime.
The submarine was discovered at a depth of 87 meters by Swedish divers in 2015.
Back then, in 2015, I have the idea and desire to build a model of this boat in memory of her and the lost crew, to the 100th anniversary of her death. At the same time, picking up material for the submarine, I wrote to the author of the submarine's drawings, Alexander Lunev. But it didn't work out to build her model that year. Unfortunately, various circumstances did not allow me to do this. But, I did not give up my thought. And the design of the boat itself was also impressive. Beautiful submarine.
2. What I had before building the model.
The drawings, so kindly provided to me by Alexander, were my main help. They were modified by me according to the architecture of the ship for the period of 1916. I started searching for materials on the Internet. Unfortunately, the Navy archive did not help or I could not find materials about the submarine. Old photographs of the sub, taken at different times, helped me a lot. Found on forums and sites, marine and ship modeling focus. Photographs of the transfer of the submarine's compass to us by the Swedes and video recordings of its disassembly for restoration also helped.
And of course a video made by divers while diving to a submarine. It is widely distributed on the Internet. But, almost does not carry information about the submarine itself, with the exception of its name “SOM”. Although here I managed to find something. But, some questions disappeared when studying the material, but new ones appeared right away.
Another video from the bottom of the Alan Sea turned out to be of great help, which, oddly enough, is not advertised as mentioned earlier ?! But, it gave a lot of tips for working on the model.
And of course, if I may say so, I tried to use photographs of models of this submarine already built before me.
3. Materials and tools.
1. Advertising plastic.
2. Glue “Second”
3. PVA glue “Moment-Joiner”
4. Foil textolite.
5. Soldering iron and solder.
6. Chinese flux.
7. Medical bandage.
8. Two-component automobile putty.
9. Paints and varnishes of the Japanese company Tamiya.
10. Masking tape, also Tamiya
11. Filler for spacing.
12. Copper foil and wire.
13. Brass bar.
14. Pliers and pliers.
15. Lathes and boring machines.
16. Drill-machine, cutters and boring bits.
17. Laser cutting.
4. Construction of the model.
Construction of the model of the submarine began this year, just in time for the 105th anniversary of the sinking of the submarine. The model is built on a scale of M1: 72.
During the construction of the model, many controversial issues constantly arose on the detailing and placement of boat parts. I chose, in my opinion, more logical solutions. For the production of a box set, I decided to focus on advertising plastic. Fortunately, I have a stock of different thicknesses. I printed a drawing of the boat, which brought it to the desired scale.
I cut out two identical parts according to the template, since the body is a spindle. Then I cut them out of paper and then out of plastic.
I cut the grooves.
Then I assembled it at an angle of 90 degrees.
The next step was to insert frames.
Cropped and sanded body kit. Placed a mortgage board in it, like on a real ship. This is a message to the descendants, who will someday rake her. It contains the name of the author and the name of the ship in whose honor the model was built with a small description of the materials from which it was made.
He began to fill the spacers, with a kind of foam plastic – building insulation, of some kind. Everything described can be seen from the photographs. I installed the filler on PVA glue.
While the glue is setting, I tried how the putty would go over the surface and filled up some decent cracks. I took two-component putty.
Grabbed, as it should be almost immediately.
After sanding the body turned out like this.
Then I made an auxiliary slipway to hold the model. The work done can be seen from the photographs.
Then putty the body, reinforcing it with gauze.
Then preliminary sanding.
And the final.
Next, I took up the add-ons. I copied the profile of the deck and sides from the drawing. Cut out and glued to the foil textolite. Cut out from PCB.
The photo shows the stern, light hull (superstructure). The rest did, in a similar way. Dividing the superstructure into two parts aft and bow.
The question arose about soldering. I decided to try again the Chinese flux with tin on flat workpieces. On the rails, he showed himself remarkably. It looks like this.
I smear in the right place
and a supercharged gas lighter (mini burner) I heat until tin appears from the flux. And woo-ala … ..
Let's go back to the body. I cut in and pasted the side keels.
I carved the torpedo tube cover and adjusted it in place, taking into account the bow superstructure. If you think about it, it should look like this.
Next, fitting and fitting of add-ons on the hull.
Here I realized that I hurried to solder the deck to the sidewalls. It was necessary to mark the gratings and drill the holes. But, he got out and did it all on an almost finished superstructure, with the help of a graver and a manual drill.
I did the same with the aft superstructure, but I just drilled a little longer. These are the holes for the gasoline engine exhaust.
Then I soldered the tail of the hull … And installed it in place.
Then he bent out of wire, soldered and replaced the anchor haws on both sides.
It's time to install the bow superstructure and connect it to the stern.
And putty the joints.
Well, and then it's natural to sand it.
Then I made and installed the bridge skirts, so to speak.
Now it's time to make a conning tower.
Then I switched to the propeller-rudder group of parts. Horizontal and vertical rudders soldered from copper foil.
Made the propeller blades from nickel silver plate. Soldered, polished and varnished.
The propeller shaft and cocoon were carved out of wood.
Then I started making the Hotchkins gun, which was armed with the submarine. Carved out the barrel of the gun and the hauler. Soldered them to the receiver.
Then he took up the fork and gun carriage. I had to remember the sketch.
It remains to equip the gun with a sight and other personal belongings.
This is the 37-mm Hotchkins gun.
Further, the remaining more or less large parts – a steering wheel, a compass with a binnacle,
deflectors, handrails, eyes, mooring cleats, anchor chain, model holder.
The steering wheel is brazed from copper wire, copper-plated, polished and coated glossy varnish.
The compass is carved from a brass bar, the binnacle is made of wood in accordance with the original compass transmitted by the Swedes from the place of the submarine's death.
Deflectors are cast from Rose alloy, copper-plated, polished, painted and covered with glossy varnish.
Rudder control rods are made.
Mooring cleats, cast from Rose alloy, copper-plated and blackened.
< a href = "https://usamodelkina.ru/uploads/posts/2021-04/1618312966_99.jpg" rel = "prettyPhoto"> Purchased anchor chain, copper-plated and blackened.
The model holder is made of a cast brass figurine” Miracle of the Fish “.
The result is this model.
I, as the Author, tried to make the most reliable model of the submarine “SOM” for that period, according to the materials I have. And, in my opinion, I succeeded.
It looks more authentic and more detailed in comparison with the already built models of this boat. Alexander Mikheev helped me in the construction of the model, making some details with laser cutting. These are the plates with the name of the boat, installed on board the model, and the lattice attachments of the gun platform were made by him. Looks very natural. Thank you very much.
Compositionally, the model of the submarine is installed on a stand in the form of a monster fish, which personifies the sea element that swallowed the submarine.
I have fulfilled my plan, the model of the submarine “SOM” is built.
What happened to you to judge.
I want to finish the story about the model with the following words:
“We are alive as long as they remember us” …….
I remember. Eternal, memory to you.
Well, that's all.
Look, criticize, advise, ask.
Best regards, Chief Executive Officer