Member states of the global chemical weapons watchdog suspended Syria’s voting rights at the organization Wednesday, as a punishment for the repeated use of toxic gas by Damascus.
The vote, which required a two-thirds majority to pass, marked the first time a member state of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons has been hit with such a sanction.
A group of 46 nations called for the step on Tuesday at the organization’s annual meeting of member states. Behind the scenes diplomatic efforts to reach consensus on the proposal failed, leading to a vote Wednesday at which 87 nations voted in favor of suspending Syria’s rights and 15 voted against. There were 34 abstentions.
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In a tweet, the British delegation to the meeting called the decision a “Vital step to maintain credibility of Chemical Weapons Convention.”
Syria didn’t immediately react at the meeting in The Hague.
France’s ambassador, Luis Vassy, introduced the proposed suspension on Tuesday, saying that Syria’s use of prohibited chemical weapons was “irrefutable.”
Vassy tweeted that Wednesday’s vote was a “good day for multilateralism.”
UK co-sponsored Decision on Syria passes, with 87 votes in favour, at #CSP25. Decision suspends some of Syria’s rights & privileges in the @OPCW. Now up to #Syria to come back into compliance. Vital step to maintain credibility of Chemical Weapons Convention.
— UK Delegation OPCW (@UK_OPCW) April 21, 2021
In Damascus, Syria’s Foreign Ministry strongly denounced the decision, saying Western countries exercised the “worst form of extortion, threat, thuggery and pressure” to pass an anti-Syria decision that sets a “dangerous precedent.”
“This decision constitutes a dangerous development in the history of the OPCW and violates its charter and is in the meantime an aggressive step against a member state,” the foreign ministry statement said.
Syria, which joined the organization in 2013 after being threatened with airstrikes in response to a chemical attack on the outskirts of the country’s capital, denounced the move as a “propaganda tool” and denied using chemical weapons.
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An investigation mechanism set up by the OPCW has twice blamed Syrian government forces for chemical attacks. Last week, it said it found “reasonable grounds to believe” that a Syrian air force military helicopter dropped a chlorine cylinder on a Syrian town in 2018, sickening 12 people.
Last year, the team found reasonable grounds to believe that the Syrian Arab Air Force was responsible for attacks using chlorine and the nerve agent sarin in March 2017 in the town of Latamneh.
The investigative team was established after Russia blocked the extension of a joint investigation mechanism set up by the United Nations and OPCW in 2015. That mechanism accused Syria of chemical weapons attacks, including unleashing sarin in an aerial attack on the town of Khan Sheikhoun in April 2017 that killed about 100 people.