DIY

Small distillation apparatus

Small distillation apparatus  Small distillation apparatus Small distillation apparatus Just make a reservation that this distillation apparatus is not for what you thought (although , the difference is small).
This apparatus is designed for distillation, steam method, essential oils.
The DIY master always wanted to try making essences and fragrances at home, eventually mixing them together and coming up with new varieties of perfumes. Perfumery is not only the intersection of scientific fields such as botany and biochemistry, but also an eminently artistic endeavor.
In this article, he will tell us how he made an affordable, functional apparatus for simple steam distillation. In fact, it is a smaller and simpler version of the large commercial vehicle pictured above.
This is not a high-precision laboratory device, but with the help of it the master made countless hydrosols and essences, which were later used at home in cooking, as well as in air fresheners and when making soda. He even managed to achieve a 5-10% yield of essential oil from citrus peels and some dried spices (which is quite close to industrial indicators).
Tools and materials:
-Heat-resistant dishes; *
-A common pan or basin;
-Copper tube;
-Drill;
-PVC pipe;
-Rubber gloves or similar padding material;
For the distillation process
-Electric or gas stove;
-Ice and chilled water on hand during the cycle
-Small cup;
-Large container for waste water;
-A vessel for collecting condensate (a glass jar for jam with a tight-fitting lid is suitable);
-Aluminum foil;
-Syringe;
-Raw materials (citrus peel, flowers, etc.) etc.)
* From the author.
As a “heat-resistant tableware”, the master uses dishes called “pittu bamboo” in his area (see photo above). In fact, this is a double boiler with a slightly unusual shape for us. Unfortunately, I did not find this particular dish on sale. You can use another with similar properties, or purchase a ready-made distiller to make your own perfume. A great gift for a woman. But for men it is better all the same other distillers -)))
Step one: design
First, the master drew a rough sketch of the distiller. It consists of a distillation cube, coil, cooling tank and concentrate tank.
Small distillation apparatus Step two: coil
Next, you need to make a coil. It is important here not to bend or break the copper tube. To do this, you need to pour salt or fine sand into it and tie the ends. Now, when bending the spiral, the tube will not burst and will bend at an acute angle.
As for the number of turns and the length of the pipe, the master advises to proceed from the fact that you can immerse the spiral in water at least half a meter.
 Small distillation apparatus Small distillation apparatus Step three: holes < br> Now you need to drill two holes for the coil. Drill one into the lid of the distillation cube, the other into the water tank.
< img class = "aligncenter" alt = "Small distillation apparatus" src = "https://usamodelkina.ru/uploads/posts/2021-06/1622544321_1-9.jpg"/> Small distillation apparatus Step four: assembly
Next you need to insert one end of the copper tube/coil into the cover, the other into the hole in the container. To prevent the tube from falling at the bottom of it, he installs a support in the form of a plastic tube.
Then you need to seal the holes. The master does this with the help of silicone, electrical tape, rubber.
Small distillation apparatus  Small distillation apparatus Small distillation apparatus  Small distillation apparatus Small distillation apparatus The last step is to start the distiller.
Pour water into the distillation cube. Installing the grid. Place the product on the grid from which the essential oil will be drawn. We set the distillation cube on fire (gas, electric oven). Pour cold water into the cup where the coil is placed. You need to put a small container under the lower end of the coil.
Now you just have to wait for the jar to fill with the substance.
 Small distillation apparatus Small distillation apparatus Step five: improvements and safety measures
* To ensure better control over the distillation process, you can install a thermometer in the cap. You can then distill the compounds by adjusting the amount of heat supplied to the evaporator.
* The tube can be inserted into the pot either from the top or from the side.
* Coil cooling can be automated. At least a water pump can be connected to the lower tank. In this case, cold water (or another safe and effective refrigerant) will be pumped in and warmer water will drain.
* Make sure the hood is safe to drink or apply to the skin. After distillation, fairly concentrated compounds will be obtained – certainly more concentrated than in nature. They cannot always be used as natural materials from which they are extracted. Some are toxic and some are allergens.

Source:

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