The share of American workers who examined constructive for medication hit a two-decade excessive because of a surge within the leisure use of marijuana, however a scarcity of staff has compelled corporations to chop again on the variety of assessments administered, based on a report.
Quest Diagnostics, a drug-testing laboratory, discovered that just about 4% of the greater than 6 million American staff who have been examined for managed substances in 2021 examined constructive, according to the Wall Street Journal.
That’s compares to 2020, when solely 2.7% of drug assessments performed on behalf of employers got here again constructive for marijuana.
Last yr’s determine additionally represents a 50% enhance from 2017 — when leisure use of marijuana was authorized in simply eight states plus the District of Columbia.
Since then, 18 states have made it authorized to eat marijuana with out the necessity for a prescription from a physician.
While the proportion of constructive assessments elevated, the variety of assessments administered by companies fell final yr as employers have been keen to maintain as a lot of their workers as potential as a result of financial fallout from the coronavirus pandemic.
The lower in assessments was additionally attributed to altering cultural attitudes about marijuana. Some states even prohibit companies from utilizing constructive marijuana take a look at outcomes as a think about hiring selections.
Last yr, New York state issued new guidance that bans employers from testing staff for hashish until the employee appears visibly stoned on the job.
Companies that have been beset by employee shortages and that have been headquartered in states that permit leisure use of marijuana didn’t trouble to manage as many assessments final yr as in comparison with 2020, based on Quest Diagnostics.
Last yr, there have been 6.7% fewer urine samples that have been examined for THC, the psychoactive compound present in marijuana which is accountable for giving customers the “high,” in comparison with 2020.
In states the place leisure use of marijuana is authorized, that quantity grew to greater than 10%, based on the Journal.
“We certainly heard from some of our employer customers that they were having difficulty finding qualified workers to pass the drug test,” stated Dr. Barry Sample, a senior science guide for Quest.
Cannabis stays unlawful on the federal degree. New Mexico on Friday would be the newest state to legalize leisure marijuana.